This randomized clinical trial compares the effect of folic acid and elemental zinc vs placebo on semen quality in men and live birth among US couples planning infertility treatment.
This cohort study uses pooled data from 4 cohorts to estimate associations between perineal use of body powder and ovarian cancer in US women.
This randomized clinical trial compared the effectiveness of talc poudrage administered during thoracoscopy with local anesthesia vs talc slurry delivered via chest tube placement with local anesthesia in successfully inducing pleurodesis in patients with malignant pleural effusion.
This pharmacoepidemiology study uses claims data to characterize angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) prescription trends to evaluate whether recalls of ARBs prompted by discovery of potentially carcinogenic impurities shifted utilization of ARBs individually and as a drug class.
This study uses China’s National Maternal and Child Health Statistics data set to characterize trends in cesarean delivery rates overall and by urban and rural areas in China between 2008 and 2018.
This study uses systematic reviews, interviews, and an expert consensus process to identify practices that promote clinician presence and connection during patient visits: preparation and listening with intent, agreeing on what matters most, connecting with the patient’s story, and exploring emotional cues.
In this Viewpoint, Anthony Fauci and NIAID colleagues discuss the challenge of managing comorbidities in persons living with HIV with an emphasis on the long-term risk and burden of cardiovascular disease, kidney and hepatic disease, and neurocognitive disorders in an infected population approaching normal longevity while receiving long-term antiretroviral therapy.
This Viewpoint emphasizes the value of randomized evaluation of policies and programs designed to improve health behaviors, health outcomes, and health care delivery, and articulates preconditions that appear to be essential for the practice to become more of a standard in policy implementation.
This Viewpoint reviews the epidemiologic evidence documenting the association between alcohol consumption and cancer risk, and calls for possible health responses and research into interventions for decreasing overall alcohol consumption as a means of reducing cancer risk.
This Viewpoint uses findings from a 2019 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) report detailing the prevalence and long-term harms of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) to emphasize ways pediatricians can identify patients experiencing ACEs and intervene to prevent or reduce harms associated with the experiences.
In this narrative medicine essay, a retiring internist remembers the changes and challenges during his 40-year career and counts as his most rewarding moments the times his patients said that they felt listened to, respected, and supported.
A 41-year-old woman had a 2-day history of burning, stinging, itchy blisters on and around the lower lip; similar blisters had resolved spontaneously 1 year ago. She was well-appearing and afebrile; apart from occasional ibuprofen use, she took no medications. What is the diagnosis and what would you do next?
This Medical Letter review summarizes types and use of commercially available inactivated and activated trivalent and quadrivalent influenza vaccines, with recommendations for which to use in patients who are pregnant, allergic, or immunocompromised.
This Medical News article offers new insights into smartphones and bedtime, why relaxation may be stressful, and Twitter as a loneliness indicator.
This Medical News article discusses an investigational influenza treatment that could overcome the growing problem of drug resistance.
This JAMA Patient Page describes the types of medications used to treat infections, with a focus on antibiotics and antibiotic resistance.
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