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November 2022 - July 1883

Decade

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Issue

January 14, 2020, Vol 323, No. 2, Pages 105-196

In This Issue of JAMA

Audio Highlights

Abstract Full Text
free access online only has audio
JAMA. 2020;323(2):e1920740. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.20740
Original Investigation

Effect of Osocimab in Preventing Venous Thromboembolism Among Patients Undergoing Knee Arthroplasty: The FOXTROT Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2020;323(2):130-139. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.20687

This phase 2 clinical noninferiority trial compared 4 doses of postoperative osocimab, a monoclonal antibody against factor XI, vs enoxaparin and apixiban on venous thromboembolism incidence among patients undergoing knee replacement.

Effect of a Behavioral Intervention to Increase Vegetable Consumption on Cancer Progression Among Men With Early-Stage Prostate Cancer: The MEAL Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2020;323(2):140-148. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.20207

This randomized trial compares the effect of a counseling intervention to promote consumption of 7 or more daily vegetable servings vs an educational control on time to PSA- and biopsy-defined cancer progression in men with early-stage prostate cancer.

Patient-Reported Outcomes Through 5 Years for Active Surveillance, Surgery, Brachytherapy, or External Beam Radiation With or Without Androgen Deprivation Therapy for Localized Prostate Cancer

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2020;323(2):149-163. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.20675

This cohort study compares functional outcomes, including sexual and bowel function and urinary incontinence, associated with active surveillance, surgery, or radiation therapy 5 years after treatment.

Research Letter

Incidence of Infectious Complications Following Cochlear Implantation in Children and Adults

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2020;323(2):182-183. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.18611

This cohort study uses data from state health care databases to determine the incidence and timing of infectious complications following cochlear implant surgery among patients in 5 US states between 2006 and 2016.

Differences in Central Line–Associated Bloodstream Infection Rates Based on the Criteria Used to Count Central Line Days

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2020;323(2):183-185. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.18616

This study uses electronic health record (EHR) data to evaluate differences in central line–associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI) rates by how central line days are counted: once a day at a fixed time for all patients; a sampling-based approximation; or a validated electronic count.

Special Communication

FDA Approval and Regulation of Pharmaceuticals, 1983-2018

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2020;323(2):164-176. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.20288

This study uses publicly available and FDA data to describe changes in drug testing laws and standards, the use of new FDA approval programs and standards, changes in the role and authority of the FDA, and changes in the number of drugs the FDA has approved from 1983 to 2018.

Viewpoint

Treatment Decisions for a Future Self: Ethical Obligations to Guide Truly Informed Choices

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2020;323(2):115-116. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.19652

This Viewpoint discusses the reality that most decisions about treatment for incapacitated patients involve surrogate assessments of patients’ past values at their baseline health, and it proposes that more ethical and informed decision-making would help surrogates consider the degree to which their loved one might be able to adapt to and value a future health state at what is a higher level of disability.

The Responsibility of Physicians to Maintain Competency

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2020;323(2):117-118. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.21081

This Viewpoint discusses 2 forces that can lead to the decline in competency in medicine over time, deterioration in ability with age and decrease in opportunities for maintenance and self-improvement, includes considerations that may be helpful to addressing competency decline.

A Piece of My Mind

Doctoring and Deportation

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2020;323(2):119-120. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.21005

In this narrative medicine essay, a resident physician shares the story of a young Haitian woman with cancer whose survival was threatened with deportation for having missed her residency application deadline and of his role in advocating for her care with US citizenship and immigration services.

Editorial

How Effective and Safe Is Factor XI Inhibition in Preventing Venous Thrombosis?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2020;323(2):121-122. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.20783

Reform at the FDA—In Need of Reform

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2020;323(2):123-124. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.20538

Opportunities and Challenges in Valuing and Evaluating Aging Physicians

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2020;323(2):125-126. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.19706

Best Practices in Assessing Aging Physicians for Professional Competency

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2020;323(2):127-129. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.20249
JAMA Performance Improvement

Cognitive Testing of Older Clinicians Prior to Recredentialing

Abstract Full Text
has audio
JAMA. 2020;323(2):179-180. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.18665

This JAMA Performance Improvement article reports the methods and outcomes of a cognitive screening program implemented at a US hospital to assess medical staff aged 70 years or older for clinical competency every 2 years as a requirement for reappointment.

JAMA Insights

Clinical Update

Mild Traumatic Brain Injury in 2019-2020

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2020;323(2):177-178. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.18134

This JAMA Insights Clinical Update reviews current practice for managing mild traumatic brain injury, which includes monitoring symptom resolution, counseling on return to activity, and timely specialty referral.

Medical News & Perspectives

Quick Uptakes

Large-Capacity Magazine Bans Linked With Fewer Mass Shootings, Deaths

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2020;323(2):108-109. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.20457

This Medical News article discusses a recent study of federal and state legislation restricting high-capacity ammunition-feeding devices.

The JAMA Forum

Early Returns From the Era of Precision Medicine

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2020;323(2):109-110. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.20659
News From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Pneumococcal Vaccine Recommendation

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2020;323(2):112. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.20494

New Malaria Option

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2020;323(2):112. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.20669
Biotech Innovations

Studying New Approaches to Detect Atrial Fibrillation

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2020;323(2):111. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.21593

“Donation After Circulatory Death” Heart Transplant Is a US First

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2020;323(2):111. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.21073

Testing Hypothermic Preservation for Trauma Patients

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2020;323(2):111. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.21594
Poetry and Medicine

One’s Self I Sing Too

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2020;323(2):191. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.20530
JAMA Revisited

The Patient Himself

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2020;323(2):192. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.13257
JAMA Patient Page

Periorbital and Orbital Cellulitis

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2020;323(2):196. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.18211

This JAMA Patient Page describes the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of periorbital and orbital cellulitis.

Comment & Response

Reporting of the Medical Licensing Examination

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2020;323(2):185. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.18175

Reporting of the Medical Licensing Examination

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2020;323(2):185-186. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.18181

Reporting of the Medical Licensing Examination

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2020;323(2):186-187. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.18178

Reporting of the Medical Licensing Examination—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2020;323(2):187. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.18184

Recommendations Related to Genetic Testing for Breast Cancer

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2020;323(2):187-188. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.18217

Recommendations Related to Genetic Testing for Breast Cancer

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2020;323(2):188. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.18214

Recommendations Related to Genetic Testing for Breast Cancer—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2020;323(2):188-189. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.18222
JAMA Masthead

JAMA

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2020;323(2):105-106. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.13250
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