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March 2020 - July 1883

Decade

Year

Issue

February 25, 2020, Vol 323, No. 8, Pages 691-800

In This Issue of JAMA

Audio Highlights

Abstract Full Text
free access online only has audio
JAMA. 2020;323(8):e200010. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.0010
Original Investigation

Effect of Intravenous Interferon β-1a on Death and Days Free From Mechanical Ventilation Among Patients With Moderate to Severe Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2020;323(8):725-733. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.22525

This randomized trial compares the effects of intravenous interferon β-1a vs placebo on 28-day mortality and on ventilator-free days in patients with moderate to severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS).

Association of Use of an Intravascular Microaxial Left Ventricular Assist Device vs Intra-aortic Balloon Pump With In-Hospital Mortality and Major Bleeding Among Patients With Acute Myocardial Infarction Complicated by Cardiogenic Shock

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2020;323(8):734-745. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.0254

This study uses registry data to compare risk of in-hospital mortality and major bleeding among patients with acute coronary syndrome and cardiogenic shock managed with an intravascular microaxial left ventricular assist device (LVAD) vs intra-aortic balloon pulsation (IABP).

Comparison of Abbreviated Breast MRI vs Digital Breast Tomosynthesis for Breast Cancer Detection Among Women With Dense Breasts Undergoing Screening

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2020;323(8):746-756. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.0572

This randomized trial compares the accuracy of screening with abbreviated breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) vs digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) on invasive breast cancer detection rates in women with dense breasts.

Research Letter

Major Adverse Cardiovascular Events After 12 Months Among Patients With Acute Coronary Syndrome Receiving Loading Doses of Atorvastatin Prior to Planned PCI

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2020;323(8):787-789. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.0118

This study uses SECURE-PCI trial data to compare the effects of periprocedural loading doses of atorvastatin vs placebo on major adverse cardiac events (MACE) 12 months after randomization in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and planned invasive management.

US Preventive Services Task Force

Recommendation Statement

Screening for Cognitive Impairment in Older Adults: US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement

Abstract Full Text
free access has active quiz has audio
JAMA. 2020;323(8):757-763. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.0435

This 2020 Recommendation Statement from the US Preventive Services Task Force concludes that current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of screening for cognitive impairment in adults 65 years or older (I statement).

Evidence Report

Screening for Cognitive Impairment in Older Adults: Updated Evidence Report and Systematic Review for the US Preventive Services Task Force

Abstract Full Text
free access has audio
JAMA. 2020;323(8):764-785. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.22258

This systematic review to support the 2020 US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement on screening for cognitive impairment in older adults summarizes published evidence on the benefits and harms of cognitive impairment screening and treatment in adults 65 years or older.

Viewpoint

Refocusing Medication Prior Authorization on Its Intended Purpose

Abstract Full Text
has audio
JAMA. 2020;323(8):703-704. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.21428

This Viewpoint discusses the challenge prior medication authorization procedures presents for patients, physicians, and practices, and it proposes principles to guide “prior auth” reform, including focusing the procedures on the initial intended purpose of managing use of high-cost drugs that have equivalent lower-cost alternatives, protecting the continuity of medication for patients, and being transparent, efficient, and fair in their requirements.

Changing the Game of Prior Authorization: The Patient Perspective

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2020;323(8):705-706. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.0070

In this Viewpoint, Berwick and colleagues review the evolution of prior authorization (“prior auth”) into a process where insurers deny previously approved coverage, patients receive surprise bills, and clinicians spend time appealing charges, and propose the introduction of legal provisions that make authorization decisions binding and absolve patients, clinicians, and organization of financial responsibility for previously approved services.

Coronavirus Infections—More Than Just the Common Cold

Abstract Full Text
free access has active quiz has multimedia has audio
JAMA. 2020;323(8):707-708. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.0757

In this Viewpoint Anthony Fauci and colleagues review the emergence of pathogenic human coronaviruses (SARS-Cov and MERS-CoV) as background for discussing a rapidly spreading novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) identified in 2019 in China and the public health strategies necessary to contain the threat.

The Novel Coronavirus Originating in Wuhan, China: Challenges for Global Health Governance

Abstract Full Text
free access has active quiz has multimedia has audio
JAMA. 2020;323(8):709-710. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.1097

In this Viewpoint, Gostin and colleagues review the emerging novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) outbreak, discuss the public health benefits and risks of the Chinese government’s large city quarantines, and call for WHO leadership to coordinate a global coordinated response that could contain this and prevent similar future outbreaks.

A Piece of My Mind

Tiny Branches

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2020;323(8):711-712. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.0919

In this narrative medicine essay, an internist traces the vicissitudes of hope and despair during his wife’s long battle with breast cancer and highlights how encouraging words from nontreating physicians serve as branches of hope that communicate an unpredictable prognosis.

Editorial

Lack of Clinical Benefit of Interferon β-1a Among Patients With Severe Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome: Time to Overhaul Drug Trials in ARDS?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2020;323(8):713-715. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.22524

Microaxial Left Ventricular Assist Devices: In Search of an Appropriate Indication

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2020;323(8):716-718. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.22382

An Abbreviated MRI Protocol for Breast Cancer Screening in Women With Dense Breasts: Promising Results, but Further Evaluation Required Prior to Widespread Implementation

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2020;323(8):719-721. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.0357

Issues and Questions Surrounding Screening for Cognitive Impairment in Older Patients

Abstract Full Text
has audio
JAMA. 2020;323(8):722-724. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.22527
Medical News & Perspectives

Taking Medicine to the Streets to Care for Those Who Live There

Abstract Full Text
has multimedia has audio
JAMA. 2020;323(8):695-698. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.21515

This Medical News feature discusses “street medicine,” the practice of caring for unsheltered homeless individuals.

The JAMA Forum

Moving to Action on Place-Based Health

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2020;323(8):698-699. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.22153
News From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Fewer Opioids Prescribed for Pain at Emergency Department Discharge

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2020;323(8):702. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.0979

Multidrug-Resistant Candida auris Concern Stems From New York Cases

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2020;323(8):702. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.0553
Clinical Trials Update

Sublingual Apomorphine Manages Parkinson Disease Off Episodes

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2020;323(8):701. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.0492

Alcohol Abstinence Lowers Atrial Fibrillation Recurrence Risk

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2020;323(8):701. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.1005

Platelet-Rich Plasma Doesn’t Facilitate Achilles Tendon Healing

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2020;323(8):701. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.1006

Anti-IgE Medication Lessens Pediatric Atopic Dermatitis Severity

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2020;323(8):701. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.1007

Novel Drug Benefits Bone and Cartilage in Knee Osteoarthritis

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2020;323(8):701. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.1008
Health Agencies Update

Alcohol-Related Mortality Increases May Still Underestimate the Toll

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2020;323(8):700. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.0474

Federal Nutrition Programs Need Stronger Focus on Older Adults

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2020;323(8):700. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.1003

HHS Funds Development of Antibiotic to Treat Anthrax

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2020;323(8):700. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.1004
Poetry and Medicine

My First Mammogram

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2020;323(8):794. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.21562
JAMA Revisited

Senescence, Senility and Crime

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2020;323(8):795. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.13323
JAMA Patient Page

Screening for Cognitive Impairment in Older Adults

Abstract Full Text
free access has audio
JAMA. 2020;323(8):800. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.0583

This JAMA Patient Page describes recent US Preventive Services Task Force recommendations on screening for cognitive impairments in older adults.

Comment & Response

N95 Respirators vs Medical Masks in Outpatient Settings

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2020;323(8):789. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.20905

N95 Respirators vs Medical Masks in Outpatient Settings—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2020;323(8):789-790. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.20908

Obsessive-Compulsive Behaviors in Autism

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2020;323(8):790. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.21991

Obsessive-Compulsive Behaviors in Autism—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2020;323(8):790-791. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.21994

Vitamin C for Sepsis and Acute Respiratory Failure

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2020;323(8):791-792. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.21984

Vitamin C for Sepsis and Acute Respiratory Failure

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2020;323(8):792. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.21981

Vitamin C for Sepsis and Acute Respiratory Failure—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2020;323(8):792-793. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.21987
JAMA Masthead

JAMA

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2020;323(8):691-692. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.13316
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