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July 2021 - July 1883

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Issue

December 15, 2020, Vol 324, No. 23, Pages 2347-2452

In This Issue of JAMA

Audio Highlights

Abstract Full Text
free access online only has audio
JAMA. 2020;324(23):e200049. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.0049
Original Investigation

Effect of Intravitreous Aflibercept vs Vitrectomy With Panretinal Photocoagulation on Visual Acuity in Patients With Vitreous Hemorrhage From Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2020;324(23):2383-2395. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.23027

This randomized trial compares the effects of initial treatment with intravitreous aflibercept vs vitrectomy with panretinal photocoagulation on visual acuity over 24 weeks among adults with vitreous hemorrhage from proliferative diabetic retinopathy.

Association Between Depressive Symptoms and Incident Cardiovascular Diseases

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2020;324(23):2396-2405. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.23068

This international study pooled individual-participant data from several long-term prospective studies to evaluate the relationship between depressive symptoms and incident cardiovascular disease.

Association Between Adherence to Fractional Flow Reserve Treatment Thresholds and Major Adverse Cardiac Events in Patients With Coronary Artery Disease

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2020;324(23):2406-2414. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.22708

This cohort study assesses adherence to evidence-based fractional flow reserve (FFR) thresholds for percutaneous coronary intervention in Canada between 2013 and 2018, and associations of percutaneous coronary intervention with major adverse clinical outcomes for patients with FFR measures above and beneath ischemic thresholds.

Research Letter

Treatment of Opioid Use Disorder Among Commercially Insured Patients in the Context of the COVID-19 Pandemic

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2020;324(23):2440-2442. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.21512

This study uses commercial and Medicare Advantage claims data to compare medication fills, outpatient visits, and urine tests for opioid use disorder in January-May 2020 vs 2019.

Changes in Outpatient Buprenorphine Dispensing During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2020;324(23):2442-2444. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.22154

This study examined outpatient buprenorphine dispensing patterns in Texas before vs after the Drug Enforcement Administration temporarily relaxed outpatient buprenorphine prescribing regulations in March 2020 in response to the COVID-19 pandemic.

US Preventive Services Task Force

Recommendation Statement

Screening for Hepatitis B Virus Infection in Adolescents and Adults: US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2020;324(23):2415-2422. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.22980

This 2020 US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement recommends screening for HBV infection in adolescents and adults at increased risk for infection (B recommendation).

Evidence Report

Screening for Hepatitis B Virus Infection in Nonpregnant Adolescents and Adults: Updated Evidence Report and Systematic Review for the US Preventive Services Task Force

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2020;324(23):2423-2436. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.19750

This systematic review to support the 2020 US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement on screening for hepatitis B virus infection summarizes published evidence on the benefits and harms of screening and interventions for hepatitis B infection in nonpregnant adolescents and adults.

Viewpoint

Trust in Health Care

Patient Consumerism, Healing Relationships, and Rebuilding Trust in Health Care

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2020;324(23):2359-2360. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.12938

This Viewpoint discusses barriers to building trust between physicians and patients and offers recommendations to increase that trust, including minimizing emphasis on patient consumerism, promoting authentic partnerships, and accelerating select payment and delivery system reforms.

Trust in Health Care

Rebuilding Trust and Relationships in Medical Centers: A Focus on Health Care Affordability

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2020;324(23):2361-2362. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.14933

This Viewpoint discusses efforts that medical centers can take in rebuilding affordability-related trust and relationships with patients.

Trust in Health Care

The Enduring Importance of Trust in the Leadership of Health Care Organizations

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2020;324(23):2363-2364. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.18555

This Viewpoint discusses the declining trust in the US health care system, especially in the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic, and the importance that maintaining public trust should hold in the culture of health care organizations.

Trust in Health Care

Transparency as a Trust-Building Practice in Physician Relationships With Patients

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2020;324(23):2365-2366. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.18368

This Viewpoint describes transparency practices that could help physicians build trust with patients and model professionalism for students and trainees: clear and consistent disclosure of financial relationships, conflicts of interest, credentials, disciplinary actions, performance metrics, and personal information or experiences oriented toward improving patient outcomes.

Trust in Health Care

Addressing Medical Misinformation in the Patient-Clinician Relationship

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2020;324(23):2367-2368. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.4263

This Viewpoint describes why health misinformation spreads, characterizes a broader set of misinformation types, and discusses solutions to this problem.

Trust in Health Care

Human-Centered Design and Trust in Medicine

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2020;324(23):2369-2370. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.21080

This Viewpoint discusses how human-centered design (HCD) that involves all stakeholders can improve patient trust in physicians and health care systems, describes its methods, and provides examples of its successful application.

A Piece of My Mind

A Song for Gram

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2020;324(23):2371-2372. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.23912

In this narrative medicine essay, a critical care fellow returning to the ICU after burying her grandmother learns that grief does not conform to clinical schedules and efficiencies, having instead its own pace and melody, like the songs on violin she loved to performed for her beloved Gram.

Editorial

Trust in Health Care

Trust in Health Care in the Time of COVID-19

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2020;324(23):2373-2375. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.23343

Anti-VEGF Therapy or Vitrectomy Surgery for Vitreous Hemorrhage From Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2020;324(23):2375-2377. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.22829

Physiology-Based Revascularization Decisions and Improved Clinical Outcomes Following Percutaneous Coronary Interventions

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2020;324(23):2377-2380. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.22998

USPSTF 2020 Hepatitis B Screening Recommendation: Evidence to Broaden Screening and Strengthen Linkage to Care

Abstract Full Text
has audio
JAMA. 2020;324(23):2380-2382. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.18831
From The Medical Letter on Drugs and Therapeutics

Trijardy XR—A New 3-Drug Combination for Type 2 Diabetes

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2020;324(23):2437-2438. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.10406

This Medical Letter compares a newly approved fixed-dose combination pill comprising the sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitor empagliflozin, the dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor linagliptin, and extended-release metformin, with available formulations of each of the pill’s individual components for oral treatment of type 2 diabetes in adults.

Medical News & Perspectives

JAMA Network Articles of the Year 2020

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2020;324(23):2350-2353. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.22443

This Medical News article discusses the top-viewed research articles published across the JAMA Network in the past year.

JAMA Live Highlights

Experts Discuss COVID-19: Vaccine Allocation, Placebo Groups, and More

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2020;324(23):2354-2355. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.24075

This JAMA Live Highlights feature provides comments about the coronavirus 2019 pandemic from experts in clinical medicine, public health, and health policy expressed during livestream interviews with JAMA Network Editor in Chief Howard Bauchner, MD.

News From the Food and Drug Administration

Quality Issues Prompt Guidelines for Compounded Drug Pharmacies

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2020;324(23):2357. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.24226

Sesame Should Be on Food Labels to Warn Consumers With Allergy

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2020;324(23):2357. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.23797

Device Approved for Adults With Nightmare Disorder

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2020;324(23):2357. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.24228
Global Health

Urgent Action Needed to Prevent Measles, Polio Resurgence

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2020;324(23):2356. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.23615

Creating More Climate-Proof Health Care Facilities

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2020;324(23):2356. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.24250

Global Regulators Set Standards for Safe Vaccines

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2020;324(23):2356. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.24252
Poetry and Medicine

Home From the Hospital

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2020;324(23):2447. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.17691
JAMA Revisited

Rufus of Ephesus

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2020;324(23):2448. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.13752
JAMA Patient Page

Screening for Hepatitis B in Nonpregnant Adolescents and Adults

Abstract Full Text
free access has audio
JAMA. 2020;324(23):2452. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.23519

This JAMA Patient Page reviews the US Preventive Services Task Force’s 2020 recommendation to screen for hepatitis B infection in adolescents and adults at increased risk (B recommendation).

Comment & Response

Conversational Agents in Health Care

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2020;324(23):2444. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.21509

Conversational Agents in Health Care—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2020;324(23):2444-2445. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.21518

Exome Sequencing as Part of a Multidisciplinary Approach to Diagnosis

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2020;324(23):2445. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.21506

Exome Sequencing as Part of a Multidisciplinary Approach to Diagnosis—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2020;324(23):2445-2446. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.21521
JAMA Masthead

JAMA

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2020;324(23):2347-2348. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.13745
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