This randomized trial compares the effect of intermediate-dose vs standard prophylactic enoxaparin on a composite outcome of acute venous thromboembolism (VTE), arterial thrombosis, need for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), and all-cause mortality within 30 days among patients with COVID-19 admitted to the ICU.
This population epidemiology study compares rates of cesarean delivery for nulliparous, term, singleton, vertex (NTSV) births in California before vs after a statewide intervention to reduce cesarean deliveries and compares trends in California with those in the US.
This cohort study uses UK Whitehall cohort data to examine the association between age at type 2 diabetes onset and incident dementia.
This study uses data from the 2010-2018 National Health Interview Survey to characterize trends in human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination rates, ages at vaccination, and numbers of doses received among young adults in the US between 2010 and 2018.
In the context of concerns about the appropriateness and costs to insurers and patients of laboratory testing, this study uses data from the IBM MarketScan Commercial Claims and Encounters Database to examine out-of-network laboratory test spending, utilization, and prices in the US in 2008-2016.
This study uses Pediatric Health Information System database data to compare hospitalizations in US children’s hospitals early in the COVID-19 pandemic (March-August 2020) vs the same period in 2017-2019, overall and for respiratory, chronic, nonrespiratory, and other conditions.
This 2021 US Preventive Services Task Force Reaffirmation Recommendation Statement recommends screening for hypertension in adults 18 years or older with office blood pressure measurement and obtaining blood pressure measurements outside of the clinical setting for diagnostic confirmation before starting treatment (A recommendation).
This systematic review to support the 2021 US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement on screening for hypertension summarizes published evidence on the benefits and harms of hypertension screening and confirmatory blood pressure measurements in adults 18 years or older without known hypertension.
This Viewpoint addresses nutrition security—defined as having consistent access, availability, and affordability of foods and beverages that promote well-being and prevent or even treat disease—and its importance to clinical care and public policy in the US.
This Viewpoint reviews the creation of the US Interstate Medical Licensure Compact (IMLC), which facilitates licensure for physicians who wish to practice in multiple states with the aim of increasing access to care for patients in underserved areas and emphasizes its growing importance to states and physicians given more widespread use of telemedicine.
This Viewpoint discusses recommendations adopted by the US Federation of State Medical Boards (FSMB) to guide state boards on how to respond to reports of sexual misconduct by physicians toward patients, including harassment and abuse.
In this narrative medicine essay, a pediatric intensive care fellow tells of her near death from postpartum hemorrhage in childbirth, her first delayed introduction to her daughter, and her struggle with helplessness in caring for her premature daughter during her convalescence.
This JAMA Insights review from CDC COVID-19 Response team members presents data on the number of long-term care facilities and the numbers of residents and staff of those facilities who received first-dose vaccination through mid-January 2021 under the agency’s public-private partnership with CVS, Walgreens, and Managed Health Care Associates.
This Medical News feature describes the impact of open visit notes on patient care.
This JAMA Patient Page summarizes the US Preventive Services Task Force’s 2021 recommendation that all adults aged 18 years or older be screened for high blood pressure (A statement).