This clinical trial conducted in France explores whether continuous infusion of hypertonic saline solution improves neurological outcome at 6 months in patients with traumatic brain injury.
This retrospective review uses data from health records of preschool-age children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) treated in developmental-behavioral pediatric practices to examine the improvements and adverse effects associated with the use of α2-adrenergic agonists vs stimulants for initial ADHD medication treatment.
This cohort study uses Swedish national registry data to investigate associations between maternal SARS-CoV-2 test positivity in pregnancy and neonatal outcomes, including mortality and need for resuscitation, between March 2020 and January 2021.
This study determined the spread of the B.1.1.7 SARs-CoV-2 variant in the Greater Toronto Area over 4 months by tracking S-gene target failure as marker.
This study uses high-resolution optical coherence tomography to investigate whether patent foramen ovale could be the site of thrombus formation in patients with or without stroke.
This 2021 Recommendation Statement from the US Preventive Services Task Force recommends that clinicians offer pregnant persons effective behavioral counseling interventions aimed at promoting healthy weight gain and preventing excess gestational weight gain in pregnancy (B recommendation).
This systematic review to support the 2021 US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement on interventions for healthy weight and weight gain in pregnancy summarizes published evidence on the benefits and harms of counseling and behavioral interventions for healthy weight and gestational weight gain in adolescent and adult women who are pregnant or planning a pregnancy.
This Viewpoint discusses the trend toward identifying “subtypes” of various diseases (eg, asthma and COPD) and proposes criteria for justifying subclassifications of COVID-19, including biological plausibility, prompt identifiability, nonoverlap in cases, reproducibility, and treatment responsiveness
This Viewpoint proposes 7 elements necessary for a successful transition from a fee-for-service (FFS) to a capitated payment model for primary care physicians, all intended to sustain their ability to improve the quality and value of the care they provide while reducing costs.
This Viewpoint summarizes a 2021 report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine (NASEM) that details declining life expectancy among working-age adults in the US from drug and alcohol use, suicide, and cardiometabolic diseases, mortality disparities by race/ethnicity, socioeconomic status, and geography, and implications for health policy.
In this narrative medicine essay, an Asian American physician discusses how her race has played a role in interactions with patients, both negatively and positively, and how these exchanges have provided a lens through which to see mutual recognition and shared experience.
This JAMA Guide to Statistics and Methods describes various methods to handle trial participant nonadherence to study interventions.
This JAMA Insights review summarizes basic measures of indoor air ventilation as a means to explain how increases in frequency of air exchange and filtration capture efficiency could mitigate far-field airborne transmission of SARS-CoV-2 inside rooms and buildings.
This Medical News article discusses clinical care and isolation for patients with prolonged SARS-CoV-2 infections, who researchers say may generate and transmit viral variants.
In this Medical News article, Aluko Hope, MD, former co-director of the Montefiore-Einstein Department of Medicine’s COVID-19 Recovery Clinic, discusses how the clinic helps patients with persistent symptoms of the disease.
This JAMA Patient Page summarizes the US Preventive Services Task Force’s 2021 recommendations on behavioral interventions for healthy weight gain during pregnancy.
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