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September 2021 - July 1883

Decade

Year

Issue

January 19, 2021, Vol 325, No. 3, Pages 205-316

In This Issue of JAMA

Audio Highlights

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2021;325(3):e2017749. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.17749
Original Investigation

Effect of Endovascular Treatment Alone vs Intravenous Alteplase Plus Endovascular Treatment on Functional Independence in Patients With Acute Ischemic Stroke: The DEVT Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2021;325(3):234-243. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.23523

This noninferiority trial compares the effects of endovascular treatment with vs without intravenous alteplase on 90-day functional independence among patients with acute ischemic stroke.

Effect of Mechanical Thrombectomy Without vs With Intravenous Thrombolysis on Functional Outcome Among Patients With Acute Ischemic Stroke: The SKIP Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2021;325(3):244-253. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.23522

This noninferiority trial compares the effects of mechanical thrombectomy with vs without intravenous thrombolysis (0.6-mg/kg alteplase) on 90-day disability among patients with acute large vessel occlusive ischemic stroke.

Effect of Discontinuing vs Continuing Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors and Angiotensin II Receptor Blockers on Days Alive and Out of the Hospital in Patients Admitted With COVID-19: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2021;325(3):254-264. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.25864

This randomized clinical trial compares the effect of discontinuing vs continuing angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) or angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs) on days alive and out of the hospital at 30 days among patients with COVID-19 taking the drugs prior to hospitalization.

Research Letter

Readmission and Death After Initial Hospital Discharge Among Patients With COVID-19 in a Large Multihospital System

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2021;325(3):304-306. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.21465

This study describes reasons for readmission, use of ICU interventions during readmission, and proportions of death after initial hospital discharge of COVID-19 patients from US Veterans Affairs (VA) hospitals in March-June 2020.

US Preventive Services Task Force

Recommendation Statement

Interventions for Tobacco Smoking Cessation in Adults, Including Pregnant Persons: US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2021;325(3):265-279. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.25019

This 2021 US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement recommends that clinicians ask all adults about tobacco use, advise them to stop using tobacco, and provide behavioral interventions and pharmacotherapy for cessation (A recommendation) and concludes that evidence is insufficient to assess the benefits and harms of tobacco cessation pharmacotherapy in pregnant persons and e- cigarettes for tobacco cessation in any adult (I statement).

Evidence Report

Interventions for Tobacco Cessation in Adults, Including Pregnant Persons: Updated Evidence Report and Systematic Review for the US Preventive Services Task Force

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2021;325(3):280-298. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.23541

This systematic review to support the 2021 US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement on interventions for tobacco cessation in adults summarizes published evidence on the benefits and harms of interventions for tobacco cessation in adults, including pregnant persons.

Viewpoint

Health Policy

The Language of Health Care Reform

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2021;325(3):215-216. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.25717

This Viewpoint posits that the US will engage in another debate about health care reform to consider expanding coverage, improving affordability, and containing costs.

Health Policy

Executive Action to Expand Health Services in the Biden Administration

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2021;325(3):217-218. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.25888

This Viewpoint proposes measures the incoming Biden administration can take to increase access to health insurance coverage under the Affordable Care Act (ACA) and Medicaid, including limiting short-term ACA coverage provisions, rolling back state Medicaid waivers, and simplifying Medicaid eligibility.

The Ethics of Continuing Placebo in SARS-CoV-2 Vaccine Trials

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2021;325(3):219-220. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.25053

This Viewpoint proposes that prioritizing all placebo-group participants in coronavirus vaccine trials as vaccine first receivers could perpetuate health inequities and compromise the chance to learn from their participation, proposing instead to limit prioritization to placebo participants who would be prioritized for vaccination anyway under NASEM or ACIP frameworks.

Evaluating SARS-CoV-2 Vaccines After Emergency Use Authorization or Licensing of Initial Candidate Vaccines

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2021;325(3):221-222. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.25127

This Viewpoint discusses the ethics of including a placebo arm in randomized trials of coronavirus vaccines once authorized vaccines have become widely available, and proposes use of adaptive platform trial designs as an optimal approach to nimbly and ethically compare future investigational COVID-19 vaccines with proven effective ones.

Public Health Messaging in an Era of Social Media

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz has audio
JAMA. 2021;325(3):223-224. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.24514

This Viewpoint discusses the rapid spread of scientific misinformation on social media platforms throughout the COVID-19 pandemic and proposes strategies to counteract its adverse effects including surveillance of digital data and partnering with trusted messengers to engage the public and advance scientifically sound public health measures.

A Piece of My Mind

Root Cause Analysis

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2021;325(3):225-226. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.24911

In this narrative medicine essay, a neonatologist describes the fear of losing her twin boys after assisted reproduction and their premature births and relies on a form of root cause analysis to identify the sources of her trauma and to learn from it enough to support her patients and their families.

Editorial

Health Policy

Health Care Is a Right, Not a Privilege: A New Series on US Health Care and Health Policy

Abstract Full Text
has multimedia has audio
JAMA. 2021;325(3):227-228. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.23915

Intravenous Thrombolysis Before Endovascular Thrombectomy for Acute Ischemic Stroke

Abstract Full Text
has multimedia has audio
JAMA. 2021;325(3):229-231. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.22388

A Comprehensive Approach to Increase Adult Tobacco Cessation

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2021;325(3):232-233. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.23608
JAMA Performance Improvement

Safe Central Venous Access in an Overburdened Health System

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2021;325(3):299-300. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.20361

This JAMA Performance Improvement article summarizes findings from an international survey study of hospital experience with central venous access line insertion teams to manage high procedural volume and safety during the COVID-19 pandemic.

JAMA Clinical Guidelines Synopsis

Initiating Pharmacologic Treatment in Tobacco-Dependent Adults

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2021;325(3):301-302. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.24790

This JAMA Clinical Guidelines Synopsis summarizes the American Thoracic Society’s 2020 recommendations for treating tobacco dependence with pharmacologic therapy in adults.

Medical News & Perspectives

COVID-19 Conspiracies and Beyond: How Physicians Can Deal With Patients’ Misinformation

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2021;325(3):208-210. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.22018

This Medical News article is an interview with communication science expert Brian Southwell, PhD, whose new training workshop helps clinicians navigate medical misinformation.

Quick Uptakes

New Guidance for Type 1 Diabetes Continuous Glucose Monitoring Use During Exercise

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2021;325(3):211-212. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.22890

This story describes guidelines to help people with type 1 diabetes respond to readings on glucose monitors before, during, and after exercise.

News From the Food and Drug Administration

First Drug Approved for Rare Genetic Disorder Affecting Kidneys

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2021;325(3):214. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.26382

Avoid Masks With Metal During Magnetic Resonance Imaging

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2021;325(3):214. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.25687

Imaging Drug for Prostate Cancer

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2021;325(3):214. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.26384
Global Health

WHO Launches Global Push to Eliminate Cervical Cancer

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2021;325(3):213. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.25668

Monthly Malaria Prophylaxis Cuts Child Deaths in Sub-Saharan Africa

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2021;325(3):213. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.26584

Drop in Vaccination Causes Surge in Global Measles Cases, Deaths

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2021;325(3):213. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.26586
Poetry and Medicine
JAMA Revisited

The Cause of Cancer

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2021;325(3):311. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.17762
JAMA Patient Page

Interventions to Promote Tobacco Cessation

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2021;325(3):316. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.25605

This JAMA Patient Page summarizes the USPSTF 2020 guideline recommending that physicians ask all adults about tobacco use, advise them to stop using tobacco, and provide behavioral interventions and drugs shown effective for stopping cigarette and other tobacco use.

Comment & Response

Effect of Tidal Volume on Pulmonary Outcomes After Surgery

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2021;325(3):306. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.22627

Effect of Tidal Volume on Pulmonary Outcomes After Surgery

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2021;325(3):306-307. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.22633

Effect of Tidal Volume on Pulmonary Outcomes After Surgery

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2021;325(3):307. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.22630

Effect of Tidal Volume on Pulmonary Outcomes After Surgery—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2021;325(3):307-308. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.22636

Physician Performance in the Medicare Merit-based Incentive Payment System

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2021;325(3):308. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.22800

Physician Performance in the Medicare Merit-based Incentive Payment System—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2021;325(3):309. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.22810
Correction

Table Inversion Error

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2021;325(3):309. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.26181
JAMA Masthead

JAMA

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2021;325(3):205-206. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.17747
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