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September 2021 - July 1883

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July 6, 2021, Vol 326, No. 1, Pages 11-96

In This Issue of JAMA

Audio Highlights

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JAMA. 2021;326(1):e2018013. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.18013
Original Investigation

Effect of 2 Inactivated SARS-CoV-2 Vaccines on Symptomatic COVID-19 Infection in Adults: A Randomized Clinical Trial

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JAMA. 2021;326(1):35-45. doi:10.1001/jama.2021.8565

This interim analysis of an ongoing randomized trial evaluates the efficacy of 2 inactivated coronavirus vaccines for preventing symptomatic COVID-19 in healthy adults and adverse events after immunization.

Effect of Bamlanivimab vs Placebo on Incidence of COVID-19 Among Residents and Staff of Skilled Nursing and Assisted Living Facilities: A Randomized Clinical Trial

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JAMA. 2021;326(1):46-55. doi:10.1001/jama.2021.8828

This randomized clinical trial assesses the effect of a single intravenous infusion of bamlanivimab vs placebo on incidence of COVID-19 among residents and staff of skilled nursing and assisted living facilities.

Effect of Cytisine vs Varenicline on Smoking Cessation: A Randomized Clinical Trial

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JAMA. 2021;326(1):56-64. doi:10.1001/jama.2021.7621

This noninferiority randomized clinical trial compares standard cytisine treatment (25 days) with standard varenicline treatment (84 days) for smoking cessation among Australian adult daily smokers willing to make a quit attempt.

Research Letter

Changes in Patterns of Hospital Visits for Acute Myocardial Infarction or Ischemic Stroke During COVID-19 Surges

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JAMA. 2021;326(1):82-84. doi:10.1001/jama.2021.8414

This study evaluates changes in rates of patients hospitalized for acute myocardial infarction (AMI) or suspected stroke during COVID-19 surges in the US as a measure of willingness to seek care during the pandemic.

Mortality From Drug Overdoses, Homicides, Unintentional Injuries, Motor Vehicle Crashes, and Suicides During the Pandemic, March-August 2020

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JAMA. 2021;326(1):84-86. doi:10.1001/jama.2021.8012

This study uses national death certificate data to characterize trends in death and excess mortality from drug overdoses, homicides, unintentional injuries, motor vehicle crashes, and suicide during the first 6 months of the pandemic in the US.

Viewpoint

COVID-19 Vaccination of Health Care Personnel as a Condition of Employment: A Logical Addition to Institutional Safety Programs

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JAMA. 2021;326(1):23-24. doi:10.1001/jama.2021.8901

This Viewpoint uses requirements for health care worker (HCW) influenza vaccination as a condition of employment to consider whether HCW COVID-19 vaccination should be mandated as a component of patient and health care safety.

Mandatory SARS-CoV-2 Vaccinations in K-12 Schools, Colleges/Universities, and Businesses

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JAMA. 2021;326(1):25-26. doi:10.1001/jama.2021.9342

This Viewpoint examines the epidemiologic, public health, and legal considerations for mandatory SARS-CoV-2 vaccinations in primary and secondary schools, colleges/universities, and businesses in the US.

The American Rescue Plan Act of 2021: A Historic if Transitory Expansion of the ACA

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2021;326(1):27-28. doi:10.1001/jama.2021.8389

This Viewpoint discusses elements of the American Rescue Plan Act of 2021 that bolster the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) and describes their potential implications and uncertainties.

A Piece of My Mind

A Stranger to Silence

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2021;326(1):29-30. doi:10.1001/jama.2021.9896

In this narrative medicine essay, a third-year internal medicine resident reports the tinnitus he had learned to live with had deafened him when the silence and isolation imposed by COVID-19 fell.

Editorial

Bamlanivimab for Prevention of COVID-19

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JAMA. 2021;326(1):31-32. doi:10.1001/jama.2021.7515

To Howard Bauchner, MD, Visionary Editor in Chief of JAMA—A Sincere Thank You and a Fond Farewell

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2021;326(1):33-34. doi:10.1001/jama.2021.9772
Review

Diagnosis and Management of Infertility: A Review

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JAMA. 2021;326(1):65-76. doi:10.1001/jama.2021.4788

This review examines current evidence regarding the pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment of infertility.

JAMA Insights

Refractive Surgery in the US in 2021

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2021;326(1):77-78. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.20245

This JAMA Insights Clinical Update summarizes the various types of refractive surgical procedures performed in the US, including LASIK, photorefractive keratectomy, and small incision lenticule extraction.

Preconception Care as an Opportunity to Optimize Pregnancy Outcomes

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2021;326(1):79-80. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.27244

This JAMA Insights Clinical Update discusses the issue of reducing pregnancy-related morbidity and mortality by identifying modifiable risk factors and providing targeted interventions and education prior to conception.

Medical News & Perspectives

Lung Transplants for COVID-19—The Option of Last Resort

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JAMA. 2021;326(1):14-16. doi:10.1001/jama.2021.9363

This Medical News article is an interview with Ankit Bharat, MD, a surgeon at Chicago’s Northwestern Memorial Hospital who performed the first bilateral lung transplant for COVID-19 in the US.

Quick Uptakes

Ketone Body Supplementation—A Potential New Approach for Heart Disease

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2021;326(1):17-18. doi:10.1001/jama.2021.8789

This Medical News article discusses evidence for ketone body supplementation as a novel cardiovascular disease treatment.

News From the JAMA Network

No Heart Health Effect of Omega-3 Fatty Acids at Highest Plasma Level

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2021;326(1):19. doi:10.1001/jama.2021.10482

Text Message Support Prompts Young Adults to Quit Vaping

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2021;326(1):19. doi:10.1001/jama.2021.9398

Greater Numbers of People in the US Are Living With Vision Loss

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2021;326(1):19. doi:10.1001/jama.2021.10483

Study Estimates Older Adults’ Cancer Deaths After Surgery

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2021;326(1):19. doi:10.1001/jama.2021.10484
News From the Food and Drug Administration

New Targeted Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer Therapy Approved

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2021;326(1):20. doi:10.1001/jama.2021.10550

FDA Seeks Improvements in Labeling Medical Device Materials

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2021;326(1):20. doi:10.1001/jama.2021.9842

FDA, FTC Warn Companies Claiming Their Supplements Treat Infertility

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2021;326(1):20. doi:10.1001/jama.2021.10551
Poetry and Medicine

Blame Scheme

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2021;326(1):91. doi:10.1001/jama.2021.7392
JAMA Revisited

The Cost of Tuberculosis

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2021;326(1):92. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.18014
JAMA Patient Page

Ways to Quit Smoking

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JAMA. 2021;326(1):96. doi:10.1001/jama.2021.7239

This JAMA Patient Page describes behavioral and medication-based smoking cessation interventions, resources for behavioral interventions, and potential side effects of medication-based interventions.

Comment & Response

Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor Therapy Toxicities

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2021;326(1):87. doi:10.1001/jama.2021.6030

Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor Therapy Toxicities—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2021;326(1):87-88. doi:10.1001/jama.2021.6036

The US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement About Screening Asymptomatic Adults for Carotid Stenosis

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2021;326(1):88. doi:10.1001/jama.2021.6495

The US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement About Screening Asymptomatic Adults for Carotid Stenosis

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2021;326(1):88-89. doi:10.1001/jama.2021.6489

The US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement About Screening Asymptomatic Adults for Carotid Stenosis

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2021;326(1):89. doi:10.1001/jama.2021.6487

The US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement About Screening Asymptomatic Adults for Carotid Stenosis—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2021;326(1):89-90. doi:10.1001/jama.2021.6492
Correction

Errors in Flow Diagram

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2021;326(1):90. doi:10.1001/jama.2021.9465

Incomplete Financial Disclosure in a Viewpoint

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2021;326(1):90. doi:10.1001/jama.2021.9572

Addition of Nonauthor Collaborator Names of the French Covid-19 Paediatric Inflammation Consortium

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JAMA. 2021;326(1):90. doi:10.1001/jama.2021.7427
JAMA Masthead

JAMA

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2021;326(1):11-12. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.18011
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