This randomized clinical trial includes preterm infants with a gestational age of 25 to 28 weeks who were supported with continuous positive airway pressure and compares the effect of selective application of minimally invasive surfactant therapy at a low fraction of inspired oxygen threshold vs control treatment on survival without bronchopulmonary dysplasia.
This multicenter randomized clinical trial assesses the effect of use of a tracheal tube introducer vs an endotracheal tube with stylet on successful intubation on the first attempt among critically ill adults undergoing tracheal intubation in emergency departments and intensive care units between 2019 and 2021.
This cross-sectional nationally representative survey in China estimated trends in prevalence, awareness, treatment, and risk factors of diabetes among patients.
This study examines antibody durability in individuals who received an mRNA SARS-CoV-2 vaccine with prior SARS-CoV-2 infection vs those without infection.
This survey-based study of US adults from gender and sexual minority populations examines self-reported behaviors to save money on prescription medications, including skipping doses, purchasing from other countries, delaying refills, taking less medication, and using alternative therapies.
This study assesses rates of extremely preterm births (22-26 weeks’ gestation) and their outcomes by hospital level of care among all births registered in Sweden from 2014 to 2019.
This Viewpoint explains how artificial intelligence (AI) tools have the potential to do more than predict final diagnostic labels and how AI can help reduce clinician error and more accurately diagnose and manage illness.
This Viewpoint discusses the recent FDA-proposed draft guidance on benefit-risk assessment to guide its review of new drug and biological products and how this approach will enhance its mission to protect public health.
This Viewpoint argues for a change in the assessment of patient experience in health care, moving from norm-based scores and rankings to a criterion-based system with transparent reporting of results.
In this narrative medicine essay, a medical resident while pregnant fearlessly takes care of her physical needs while at work, which taught her to take a more open approach to caring for her physical needs that stem from chronic illness.
This Review summarizes current evidence regarding the efficacy, adverse effects, and optimal selection of reversible contraceptives, including oral contraceptive pills, intrauterine devices and subdermal implants, and condoms.
This JAMA Clinical Guidelines Synopsis summarizes the American College of Rheumatology’s 2020 guideline for the management of gout.
This Medical Letter review summarizes Prevnar 20 and Vaxneuvance, 2 new pneumococcal conjugate vaccines for the prevention of invasive pneumococcal disease in adults.
This Medical News article is our fifth-annual roundup of the top-viewed articles from each of the JAMA Network Journals.
This Medical News article on Omicron, the newest SARS-CoV-2 variant of concern, is adapted from a JAMA video interview recorded on December 1, 2021.
This Arts and Medicine feature reviews 2 outstanding graphic novels of 2021: Coma by Zara Slattery, about the author’s delirium while being treated for streptococcal sepsis and multiorgan failure, and Parenthesis by Élodie Durand, about her experience with tumor-induced seizures.
This JAMA Patient Page describes the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of gout.