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November 2022 - July 1883

Decade

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Issue

August 10, 2021, Vol 326, No. 6, Pages 459-577

In This Issue of JAMA

Audio Highlights

Abstract Full Text
free access online only has audio
JAMA. 2021;326(6):e2018073. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.18073
Original Investigation

Effect of Oral Azithromycin vs Placebo on COVID-19 Symptoms in Outpatients With SARS-CoV-2 Infection: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
free access has active quiz
JAMA. 2021;326(6):490-498. doi:10.1001/jama.2021.11517

This randomized trial assesses the effect of a single dose of azithromycin vs placebo on absence of COVID-19 symptoms at posttreatment day 14 among outpatients with SARS-CoV-2 infection.

Association Between Administration of IL-6 Antagonists and Mortality Among Patients Hospitalized for COVID-19: A Meta-analysis

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2021;326(6):499-518. doi:10.1001/jama.2021.11330

This prospective meta-analysis estimates the association between administration of IL-6 antagonists compared with usual care or placebo and 28-day all-cause mortality and other outcomes.

Trends in Consumption of Ultraprocessed Foods Among US Youths Aged 2-19 Years, 1999-2018

Abstract Full Text
free access has active quiz
JAMA. 2021;326(6):519-530. doi:10.1001/jama.2021.10238

This cross-sectional analysis uses 24-hour dietary recall data to characterize trends in the consumption of ultraprocessed foods in a nationally representative sample of US youths aged 2-19 years from 10 cycles of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.

Research Letter

Nicotine Pouch Unit Sales in the US, 2016-2020

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2021;326(6):566-568. doi:10.1001/jama.2021.10366

This study uses retail scanner data to assess nicotine pouch sales in the US between 2016 and 2020.

US Preventive Services Task Force

Recommendation Statement

Screening for Gestational Diabetes: US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement

Abstract Full Text
free access has active quiz has audio
JAMA. 2021;326(6):531-538. doi:10.1001/jama.2021.11922

This 2021 Recommendation Statement from the US Preventive Services Task Force recommends screening for gestational diabetes in asymptomatic pregnant persons at 24 weeks of gestation or after (B recommendation) and concludes that current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of screening for gestational diabetes in asymptomatic pregnant persons before 24 weeks of gestation (I statement).

Evidence Report

Screening for Gestational Diabetes: Updated Evidence Report and Systematic Review for the US Preventive Services Task Force

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2021;326(6):539-562. doi:10.1001/jama.2021.10404

This systematic review to support the 2021 US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement on screening for gestational diabetes summarizes published evidence on the benefits and harms of screening for and treatment of diabetes in asymptomatic pregnant persons.

Viewpoint

Expanding Evidence for Clinical Care of Older Adults: Beyond Clinical Trial Traditions and Finding New Approaches

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2021;326(6):475-476. doi:10.1001/jama.2021.12134

This Viewpoint highlights why complementary approaches, which often have received less attention, are necessary to enhance the evidence needed to inform care for older adults.

The Triple Aim for Payment Reform in Joint Replacement Surgery: Quality, Spending, and Disparity Reduction

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2021;326(6):477-478. doi:10.1001/jama.2021.12070

This Viewpoint discusses the Comprehensive Care for Joint Replacement model created by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services and how it and other payment reforms can help reduce disparities in joint replacements and other high-priority conditions nationally.

Using Updated PubMed: New Features and Functions to Enhance Literature Searches

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2021;326(6):479-480. doi:10.1001/jama.2021.12021

This Viewpoint describes how the updated functionality of PubMed could be useful to clinicians searching for answers to important clinical questions in real time.

A Piece of My Mind

A Pandemic of Lights

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2021;326(6):481-482. doi:10.1001/jama.2021.12213

In this narrative medicine essay, a retired emergency medicine physician ponders the creeping fear imposed during the COVID-19 pandemic while she visits a local botanical garden, fearing encountering others who may carry the virus, and compares these fears with her past fearlessness in the emergency department.

Editorial

IL-6 Receptor Antagonist Therapy for Patients Hospitalized for COVID-19: Who, When, and How?

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2021;326(6):483-485. doi:10.1001/jama.2021.11121

Intake of Ultraprocessed Foods Among US Youths: Health Concerns and Opportunities for Research and Policy

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2021;326(6):485-487. doi:10.1001/jama.2021.9845

Screening for Gestational Diabetes

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2021;326(6):487-489. doi:10.1001/jama.2021.12190
JAMA Clinical Guidelines Synopsis

Management of Patients With Microhematuria

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2021;326(6):563-564. doi:10.1001/jama.2021.4770

This JAMA Clinical Guidelines Synopsis summarizes the American Urological Association’s 2020 guideline on management of patients with microhematuria.

Medical News & Perspectives

Recently Approved Alzheimer Drug Raises Questions That Might Never Be Answered

Abstract Full Text
has audio
JAMA. 2021;326(6):469-472. doi:10.1001/jama.2021.11558

This Medical News feature examines the debate over which patients with Alzheimer disease, if any, might benefit from the newly approved drug aducanumab.

News From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

US Won’t Meet National Goal Without Increased HIV Testing

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2021;326(6):474. doi:10.1001/jama.2021.12344

Rare, Life-Threating Bacterial Infections Are Investigated

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2021;326(6):474. doi:10.1001/jama.2021.12041
Biotech Innovations

COVID-19 mRNA Vaccines Blunt Breakthrough Infection Severity

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2021;326(6):473. doi:10.1001/jama.2021.12619

Oldest Adults Need 2 mRNA Vaccine Doses to Neutralize SARS-CoV-2

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2021;326(6):473. doi:10.1001/jama.2021.12179

Antigen Testing Every 3 Days Is Highly Sensitive for SARS-CoV-2

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2021;326(6):473. doi:10.1001/jama.2021.12620
The Arts and Medicine

The Doctors Blackwell—Biography of Pioneering Women in Medicine

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2021;326(6):467-468. doi:10.1001/jama.2021.7493

This Arts and Medicine essay describes the recent biography by Janice Nimura that profiles Elizabeth Blackwell, the first US woman to receive an MD, and her sister and fellow physician Emily, including their struggles, successes, and how they helped chart a path for subsequent generations of women physicians.

Poetry and Medicine

Midwife

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2021;326(6):572. doi:10.1001/jama.2021.8790
JAMA Revisited

The Pellagra Problem

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2021;326(6):573. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.18074
JAMA Patient Page

Screening for Gestational Diabetes

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2021;326(6):577. doi:10.1001/jama.2021.11187

This JAMA Patient Page summarizes the US Preventive Services Task Force’s recent recommendations on screening for gestational diabetes.

Comment & Response

Intubation Practices and Adverse Peri-intubation Events in Critically Ill Patients

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2021;326(6):568. doi:10.1001/jama.2021.8526

Intubation Practices and Adverse Peri-intubation Events in Critically Ill Patients

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2021;326(6):568-569. doi:10.1001/jama.2021.8529

Intubation Practices and Adverse Peri-intubation Events in Critically Ill Patients—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2021;326(6):569. doi:10.1001/jama.2021.8532

Surprise Billing in Health Care

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2021;326(6):569-570. doi:10.1001/jama.2021.8310

Surprise Billing in Health Care

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2021;326(6):570-571. doi:10.1001/jama.2021.8307

Surprise Billing in Health Care—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2021;326(6):571. doi:10.1001/jama.2021.8313
JAMA Masthead

JAMA

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2021;326(6):459-460. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.18071
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