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Year

Day

July 15, 2019
Viewpoint

Trust in Health Care

Promoting Trust Between Patients and Physicians in the Era of Artificial Intelligence

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. Published online July 15, 2019. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.20563

This Viewpoint discusses the use of artificial intelligence in health care and its potential effect on how patients access care and how physicians and patients make decisions.

Editorial

Trust in Health Care

Building Trust in Health Care—Why, Where, and How

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. Published online July 15, 2019. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.4892
July 14, 2019
Original Investigation

Association of Lifestyle and Genetic Risk With Incidence of Dementia

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. Published online July 14, 2019. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.9879

This cohort study uses UK Biobank data to examine interactions between polygenic risk for Alzheimer disease and lifestyle (physical activity, healthy diet, moderate alcohol drinking) and their associations with incident all-cause dementia.

July 12, 2019
Viewpoint

Protecting Pregnant Women With Substance Use Disorders and Their Neonates Participating in Research

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. Published online July 12, 2019. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.9002

This Viewpoint discusses the potential risks faced by pregnant women with substance use disorders who participate in clinical research, including criminal prosecution for drug use while pregnant and custody loss of their children, and proposes changes to research procedures and disclosure provisions to encourage their participation so the evidence base informing their care and addressing the opioid epidemic more generally can advance.

Redefining the Physician’s Role in Cost-Conscious Care: The Potential Role of the Electronic Health Record

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. Published online July 12, 2019. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.9114

This Viewpoint argues for integration of price information in electronic health records (EHRs) as a mechanism to increase price transparency and promote cost-conscious, patient-centered, shared decision making at the point of care.

July 11, 2019
Viewpoint

A New Supreme Court Ruling on Drug Liability

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. Published online July 11, 2019. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.8515

In May 2019 the US Supreme Court sent back to lower courts the question of whether Merck Sharpe & Dohme Corp was liable for atypical fractures from its osteoporosis drug alendronate because it did not identify the adverse effect in the product’s label. This Viewpoint discusses the legal questions of liability raised by the case and the implication of the decision for the pharmaceutical industry and for patients alleging harmed from prescription drugs.

JAMA Insights

Clinical Use of Bone Turnover Markers

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. Published online July 11, 2019. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.9372

This JAMA Insights Clinical Update reviews bone turnover markers measurable in blood and urine and summarizes evidence supporting their use to predict osteoporosis and osteoporotic fractures, assess treatment adherence and efficacy, and monitor bone loss after drug discontinuation.

July 10, 2019
The Arts and Medicine

Basch Unbound—The House of God and Fiction as Resistance at 40

Abstract Full Text
free access has multimedia
JAMA. Published online July 10, 2019. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.9499

In this Arts and Medicine feature, author Samuel Shem (pen name of Stephen Bergman, MD) reflects on the origins of his classic novel The House of God, the people and events that inspired its stories, the notion of “fiction as resistance,” and the evolving meaning of the book given developments in medicine and medical education in the 40 years since its publication.

The House of God at Age 40—An Appreciation

Abstract Full Text
free access has multimedia
JAMA. Published online July 10, 2019. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.8156

In this Arts and Medicine feature, an early-career physician discusses the ongoing relevance of Samuel Shem’s novel, The House of God, to contemporary health care and medical education on the occasion of its 40th anniversary of publication.

July 8, 2019
Viewpoint

Regionalization of Care and the Maternal-Infant Dyad Disconnect

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. Published online July 8, 2019. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.6403

This Viewpoint argues for thinking about improvements in the care of new moms and infants as a single entity, and discusses regionalization of obstetric and infant care as a way to operationalize the idea and achieve simultaneous improvements in maternal and neonatal outcomes.

Offering Emergency Buprenorphine Without a Prescription

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. Published online July 8, 2019. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.8309

This Viewpoint argues that buprenorphine be made available without prescription behind the counter at retail pharmacies with age and quantity restrictions similar to those used for pseudoephedrine, and addresses concerns raised by the access model about safety and diversion.

July 5, 2019
Viewpoint

Advances in Understanding the Pathophysiology of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. Published online July 5, 2019. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.8312

This Viewpoint reviews new findings presented at a 2019 NIH conference about neuroendocrine, metabolic, immunologic, and physiologic abnormalities that contribute to myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS).

JAMA Clinical Challenge

A Woman With Dyspnea and Bronchiectasis

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz
JAMA. Published online July 5, 2019. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.8606

A 41-year-old woman with an 8–pack-year history of tobacco use had 4 years of progressive cough and dyspnea. She had no history of neonatal respiratory distress or nasal congestion and no family history of COPD or cystic fibrosis; pulmonary function testing showed a severe obstruction and chest CT showed lower lobe predominant emphysema and bronchiectasis. What is the diagnosis and what would you do next?

July 3, 2019
Medical News & Perspectives

Wide Interest in a Vitamin C Drug Cocktail for Sepsis Despite Lagging Evidence

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. Published online July 3, 2019. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.7936

This Medical News story examines the popularity of the “Marik protocol,” a combination of high–dose vitamin C, corticosteroids, and thiamine to treat sepsis.

Uncovering a Link Between the Appendix and Parkinson Disease Risk

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. Published online July 3, 2019. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.9041

This Medical News story discusses recent research examining whether the appendix plays a role in Parkinson disease risk.

July 1, 2019
Viewpoint

Evaluating Open Payments

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. Published online July 1, 2019. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.8171

This Viewpoint discusses the CMS Open Payments program, which publicizes payments made by medical device firms and pharmaceutical companies to physicians, and proposes ways the payment information can be better used to inform and empower patients and discourage physicians from excessively profiting from industry.

JAMA Insights

Diagnostic Imaging in Pregnant Patients With Suspected Appendicitis

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. Published online July 1, 2019. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.9164

This JAMA Insights Clinical Update reviews approaches to imaging that are safe for the developing fetus in pregnant women with abdominal pain.

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