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Year

Day

January 17, 2019
Viewpoint

Increasing Smoking Cessation in the United States: Expanding the Availability of Over-the-Counter Medications

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. Published online January 17, 2019. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.21557

This Viewpoint argues that adoption of a combination of varenicline, nicotine replacement therapy, and behavioral support as first-line treatment for tobacco addiction could increase smoking cessation rates in the United States and proposes that varenicline be made an over-the-counter medication to help more smokers quit cigarettes and improve population health.

January 16, 2019
Medical News & Perspectives

American Academy of Pediatrics Says No More Spanking or Harsh Verbal Discipline

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. Published online January 16, 2019. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.18429

This Medical News article is an interview with the coauthor of a new policy statement on corporal punishment for children.

Can Insects Compete With Beef, Poultry as Nutritional Powerhouses?

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. Published online January 16, 2019. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.20747

In this Medical News & Perspectives article, researchers discuss insects’ potential as nutrition sources that put less stress on the environment than traditional livestock.

January 14, 2019
Viewpoint

Assessing the Performance of Aging Surgeons

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. Published online January 14, 2019. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.22216

This Viewpoint discusses the increasing proportion of US surgeons 55 years or older and surgical competence issues related to aging, highlights efforts to assess competence and balance patient safety with maintenance of an effective workforce, and maintains that assessment of surgical competence should be based on functional age and abilities rather than age.

JAMA Clinical Challenge

A Fussy Infant With a Generalized Papulovesicular Rash

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. Published online January 14, 2019. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.20666

A previously healthy infant had a 4-week history of a worsening, widespread, papulovesicular rash with nighttime irritability and restlessness; burrows were present but no excoriations, and no bacterial or fungal elements were found on a Gram stain and potassium hydroxide preparation. A babysitter reported having nighttime pruritus. What would you do next?

January 11, 2019
Viewpoint

Personal Health Records: More Promising in the Smartphone Era?

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. Published online January 11, 2019. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.20434

This Viewpoint discusses mobile device–based personal health records, the challenges of making the devices interoperable with existing health care information systems, and the prospect that incorporation of smartphone personal health records might improve patient outcomes, lower costs, and improve health care quality.

Wearable Devices for Cardiac Rhythm Diagnosis and Management

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. Published online January 11, 2019. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.20437

This Viewpoint discusses how the technology underlying wearable devices may lead to unclassifiable or false-positive readings of cardiac rate and rhythm, and highlights resultant uncertainties about how best to integrate the information the devices offer into clinical care to improve patients’ health.

January 10, 2019
Viewpoint

HIV Viral Load and Transmissibility of HIV Infection: Undetectable Equals Untransmittable

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. Published online January 10, 2019. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.21167

In this Viewpoint, Fauci and colleagues from NIAID review the evidence underlying the 2016 Prevention Access Campaign’s “Undetectable = Untransmittable (U = U)” HIV public health initiative, arguing that the science now supports elimination of the stigma associated with HIV infection.

The Arts and Medicine

The Waverly Gallery—Dementia on Broadway

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JAMA. Published online January 10, 2019. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.22035

This Arts & Medicine essay reviews the 2018-2019 Broadway revival of The Waverly Gallery, a Kenneth Lonergan play that tells the story of the effects within a well-to-do Manhattan family of the decline of a family member from progressive dementia.

January 9, 2019
Medical News & Perspectives

A Proactive Approach Needed to Combat Rising STIs

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. Published online January 9, 2019. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.20400

This Medical News article discusses contributing factors and proactive solutions to the recent increase in sexually transmitted diseases in the US.

The JAMA Forum

Texas v United States: The Affordable Care Act Is Constitutional and Will Remain So

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. Published online January 9, 2019. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.21584
January 7, 2019
Viewpoint

Curbing Unnecessary and Wasted Diagnostic Imaging

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. Published online January 7, 2019. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.20295

In this Viewpoint, Ioannidis and coauthors compare overuse of computed tomography and magnetic resonance image scanning with large-scale haphazard population screening for disease and call for dedicated investigations to understand how to reduce unnecessary and wasteful diagnostic imaging.

JAMA Insights

Clinical Update

Perioperative Glucose Control in Patients With Diabetes Undergoing Elective Surgery

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JAMA. Published online January 7, 2019. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.20922

This Clinical Update proposes a management algorithm to prevent perioperative hyperglycemia in patients with diabetes undergoing elective surgery.

January 4, 2019
Viewpoint

The National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program: Striking a Balance Between Individual Rights and Community Benefit

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. Published online January 4, 2019. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.20421

In this Viewpoint, the director and chief medical officer of the US National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program (VCIP) and colleagues review the history of and rationale for the program; explain the processes for updating injury categories and adjudicating and settling claims; and summarize the costs and success of the program in the context of the vast number of vaccine doses administered nationally.

The Role of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices in Ensuring Optimal Use of Vaccines

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JAMA. Published online January 4, 2019. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.20792

In this Viewpoint the outgoing chair of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) reviews the history of the committee and its evolving role in making recommendations to the CDC about the best uses of vaccines in the United States.

January 3, 2019
Viewpoint

Medicaid Expansion Gains Momentum: Postelection Prospects and Potential Implications

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JAMA. Published online January 3, 2019. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.20484

This Viewpoint discusses the likelihood of Medicaid expansion in Maine, Wisconsin, Utah, and Kansas, where 2018 midterm voters elected candidates supportive of expansion or voted for it in ballot initiatives, and reviews evidence on associations between state Medicaid expansion and improved health outcomes for beneficiaries.

JAMA Diagnostic Test Interpretation

Serum Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor D in Cystic Lung Disease

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. Published online January 3, 2019. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.20926

A 28-year-old nonsmoking woman with shortness of breath with exertion was referred to the pulmonary clinic. A computed tomographic scan of her chest revealed diffuse thin-walled pulmonary cysts without nodules, parenchymal changes, or lymphadenopathy and her serum vascular endothelial growth factor D level was 1300 pg/mL. How do you interpret the results?

January 2, 2019
Medical News & Perspectives

Sexual Harassment and Assault Associated With Poorer Midlife Health in Women

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. Published online January 2, 2019. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.17679

This Medical News article is an interview with Rebecca Thurston, PhD, about her recent study published in JAMA Internal Medicine that found sexual harassment and assault was associated with poorer midlife health in women.

The JAMA Forum

Title X: Moving Forward or Backward on Women’s Health?

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. Published online January 2, 2019. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.20957
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