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November 24, 2021
Medical News & Perspectives

COVID-19 Vaccine Makers Plan for Annual Boosters, but It’s Not Clear They’ll Be Needed

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JAMA. Published online November 24, 2021. doi:10.1001/jama.2021.21291

This Medical News feature examines whether it’s likely that repeated COVID-19 vaccine boosters will be needed to maintain protection against SARS-CoV-2.

November 22, 2021
Research Letter

Myocardial Infarction, Stroke, and Pulmonary Embolism After BNT162b2 mRNA COVID-19 Vaccine in People Aged 75 Years or Older

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JAMA. Published online November 22, 2021. doi:10.1001/jama.2021.21699

This population based study evaluated the short-term risk of severe cardiovascular risks among French residents 75 years or older after they received the BNT162b2 mRNA vaccination.

Viewpoint

The Growing Phenomenon of “Virtual-First” Primary Care

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JAMA. Published online November 22, 2021. doi:10.1001/jama.2021.21169

This Viewpoint discusses the potential benefits and risks of emerging health plan models in which patients receive most of their primary care needs via telehealth services instead of in-person physician visits.

November 19, 2021
Viewpoint

Heterogeneous State Cannabis Policies: Potential Implications for Patients and Health Care Professionals

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JAMA. Published online November 19, 2021. doi:10.1001/jama.2021.21182

This Viewpoint discusses how the varied and fragmented policies and sources of information about cannabis use in the US can lead to confusion among patients and clinicians.

JAMA Diagnostic Test Interpretation

Serologic Testing for Hepatitis B

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JAMA. Published online November 19, 2021. doi:10.1001/jama.2021.19803

A 27-year-old woman presented with elevated transaminase levels and a positive hepatitis B surface antigen test result. How do you interpret these test results?

November 18, 2021
Research Letter

Frequency and Duration of Boarding for Pediatric Mental Health Conditions at Acute Care Hospitals in the US

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JAMA. Published online November 18, 2021. doi:10.1001/jama.2021.18377

This study estimates the frequency and duration of boarding for pediatric mental health conditions at US acute care hospitals and describes hospital resources available to support youths during boarding.

Viewpoint

Diagnostic Excellence

Diagnostic Excellence Through the Lens of Patient-Centeredness

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JAMA. Published online November 18, 2021. doi:10.1001/jama.2021.19513

This Viewpoint in JAMA’s Diagnostic Excellence series explores the diagnosis of conditions from the patient’s perspective.

November 17, 2021
Medical News & Perspectives

Thousands of US Youths Cope With the Trauma of Losing Parents to COVID-19

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JAMA. Published online November 17, 2021. doi:10.1001/jama.2021.20846

This Medical News article discusses the stress and grief reactions that children and teens face after losing a parent or close caregiver to COVID-19.

November 15, 2021
Viewpoint

Contextualizing Risk Among Patients With Heart Failure

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JAMA. Published online November 15, 2021. doi:10.1001/jama.2021.20739

This Viewpoint frames the clinical event risk for heart failure in the context of the approach used in the 2018 ACC/AHA cholesterol guidelines.

JAMA Clinical Challenge

Pharyngitis and Tonsillar Exudates in an 18-Year-Old Woman

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JAMA. Published online November 15, 2021. doi:10.1001/jama.2021.19023

An 18-year-old woman with no significant medical history and no history of sexual intercourse had pharyngitis and white tonsillar exudates of 1 week duration. She had neck swelling and occasional dry cough but no fevers, chills, or fatigue; results of a rapid strep test, throat culture, and heterophile antibody test were negative. What is the diagnosis and what would you do next?

November 12, 2021
Viewpoint

Strengthening the FDA’s Enforcement of ClinicalTrials.gov Reporting Requirements

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JAMA. Published online November 12, 2021. doi:10.1001/jama.2021.19773

This Viewpoint discusses ways in which the FDA could harness its enforcement tools to bring important missing clinical trial results information to light and demonstrate its commitment to protecting patients through clinical trial transparency.

JAMA Clinical Guidelines Synopsis

Cervical Cancer Screening Guideline for Individuals at Average Risk

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JAMA. Published online November 12, 2021. doi:10.1001/jama.2021.13448

This JAMA Clinical Guidelines Synoposis summarizes guidance from the American Cancer Society regarding cervical cancer screening, including when to initiate screening, the frequency of testing, and which modality to use.

Correction

Erroneous Terminology in Review

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JAMA. Published online November 12, 2021. doi:10.1001/jama.2021.21381
November 10, 2021
Viewpoint

How to Measure Progress in Addressing Physician Well-being: Beyond Burnout

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JAMA. Published online November 10, 2021. doi:10.1001/jama.2021.20175

This Viewpoint offers options on how to measure systems improvement in alleviating burnout among physicians and clinical staff.

JAMA Clinical Challenge

Erythematous Papules and Hemorrhagic Vesicles in a Woman With Arthralgias and Eye Pain

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JAMA. Published online November 10, 2021. doi:10.1001/jama.2021.18708

A 48-year-old woman with diet-controlled diabetes had extremity arthralgias, a purpuric rash and foot paresthesias, and eye pain and redness. Vital signs and results of laboratory testing including direct immunofluorescence were unremarkable; skin biopsy showed leukocytoclasia, erythrocytic extravasation, and fibrin in small blood vessel walls. What is the diagnosis and what would you do next?

November 8, 2021
US Preventive Services Task Force

Actions to Transform US Preventive Services Task Force Methods to Mitigate Systemic Racism in Clinical Preventive Services

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JAMA. Published online November 8, 2021. doi:10.1001/jama.2021.17594

This US Preventive Services (USPSTF) Policy Report describes strategies developed by the USPSTF to mitigate the influence of systemic racism in its recommendations and to promote health equity in preventive services.

Addressing Racism in Preventive Services: Methods Report to Support the US Preventive Services Task Force

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JAMA. Published online November 8, 2021. doi:10.1001/jama.2021.17579

This Methods Report from the US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) summarizes definitional and conceptual issues around racism and health inequity and describes describe how racism and health inequities are currently addressed in preventive health.

November 5, 2021
Research Letter

Antibody Titers Before and After a Third Dose of the SARS-CoV-2 BNT162b2 Vaccine in Adults Aged ≥60 Years

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JAMA. Published online November 5, 2021. doi:10.1001/jama.2021.19885

This study assesses antispike (anti-S) IgG antibody titers before and after a third BNT162b2 dose (booster) in individuals aged 60 years and older in Israel.

Viewpoint

Pediatric COVID-19 Vaccines: What Parents, Practitioners, and Policy Makers Need to Know

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JAMA. Published online November 5, 2021. doi:10.1001/jama.2021.20734

This Viewpoint discusses the Food and Drug Administration granting Emergency Use Authorization of the mRNA COVID-19 vaccine BNT162b2 for children aged 5 to 11 years and the role that will play in keeping children, schools, and communities safe.

November 4, 2021
Viewpoint

Incentivizing a New Culture of Data Stewardship: The NIH Policy for Data Management and Sharing

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JAMA. Published online November 4, 2021. doi:10.1001/jama.2021.20489

This Viewpoint cites the data collaboration during the COVID-19 pandemic as an example of unprecedented vaccine results and points to the NIH’s Policy for Data Management and Sharing to foster shared data as a routine part of grant applications.

November 1, 2021
Research Letter

Durability of Antibody Levels After Vaccination With mRNA SARS-CoV-2 Vaccine in Individuals With or Without Prior Infection

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JAMA. Published online November 1, 2021. doi:10.1001/jama.2021.19996

This study examines antibody durability in individuals who received an mRNA SARS-CoV-2 vaccine with prior SARS-CoV-2 infection vs those without infection.

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