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Invited Commentary
November 8, 2017

Physical Activity to Prevent Cardiovascular DiseaseA Simple, Low-Cost, and Widely Applicable Approach For All Populations

Author Affiliations
  • 1Faculty of Health Sciences, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby and Division of Cardiology, Providence Health Care, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
  • 2Population Health Research Institute, Hamilton Health Sciences & McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
JAMA Cardiol. Published online November 8, 2017. doi:10.1001/jamacardio.2017.4070

Regular physical activity (PA) is one of the simplest ways for individuals and populations to reduce the risk of premature death and incident cardiovascular disease (CVD). Participating in PA has been associated with lower CVD risk in observational studies of people with and without prior CVD1,2 as well as in randomized clinical trials with people with CVD.3 These studies have almost all been conducted in high-income countries where leisure or recreational PA is the predominant form of PA. However, globally, 80% of CVD deaths occurs in middle-income and low-income countries, where it is the leading cause of death. In these countries, PA is mainly nonrecreational and there are few studies that have reported on the association of such PA on clinical outcomes.

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