In this issue of JAMA Cardiology, Lim and colleagues1 report on cardiovascular functional reserve in people with end-stage renal disease before and after kidney transplant. They performed a 3-arm, prospective, concurrent cohort study to assess change in cardiovascular functional reserve after kidney transplant using state-of-the-art cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET). They also assessed left ventricular morphologic findings 1 year after transplant. They enrolled 81 participants with stage 5 chronic kidney disease (CKD) who underwent kidney transplant, 85 wait-listed participants with stage 5 CKD who had not undergone transplant, and 87 controls treated for hypertension only. The authors quantified cardiovascular functional reserve using CPET in parallel with transthoracic echocardiography. One year after transplant, a significant improvement in maximum oxygen consumption was found in the transplant group compared with the nontransplant group. Moreover, left ventricular function improved but not the body mass index.
Bakris GL, Josephson MA. Improvement of Cardiovascular Functional Reserve After Kidney Transplant—Has the CAPER Been Solved? JAMA Cardiol. 2020;5(4):430–431. doi:10.1001/jamacardio.2019.5874
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