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July 29, 2020

Health Literacy and Primordial Prevention in Childhood—An Opportunity to Reduce the Burden of Cardiovascular Disease

Author Affiliations
  • 1Université de Paris, INSERM U970, Paris Cardiovascular Research Centre, Integrative Epidemiology of Cardiovascular Disease, Paris, France
  • 2Baker Heart and Diabetes Institute, Melbourne, Australia
  • 3Zena and Michael A. Wiener Cardiovascular Institute, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, New York
  • 4Centro Nacional de Investigaciones Cardiovasculares, Madrid, Spain
JAMA Cardiol. 2020;5(12):1323-1324. doi:10.1001/jamacardio.2020.2864

Despite major achievements in risk factor control and clinical care over the last decades, cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains the leading cause of death worldwide, accounting for approximately 31% of deaths annually. A large amount of the burden of CVD can be attributed to modifiable behavioral risk factors, such as obesity, smoking, poor diet, and physical inactivity. However, major challenges are triggering and maintaining behavior change during a patient’s lifetime. This may in part be because of inadequacies in health literacy, in that almost 50% of US and European adults do not understand or are not able to apply general health information.

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