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November 24, 2021

The Challenge of Estimating Treatment Effects in Cardiac Surgery

Author Affiliations
  • 1Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Weill Cornell Medicine, New York, New York
  • 2Division of Clinical Epidemiology and Evaluative Sciences Research, Department of Medicine, Weill Cornell Medicine, New York, New York
  • 3Warren Alpert Medical School, Brown University, and Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Rhode Island Hospital, Providence
JAMA Cardiol. Published online November 24, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamacardio.2021.4833
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