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July 2019 - April 2016

Decade

Year

Issue

July 2016, Vol 1, No. 4, Pages 373-496

In This Issue of JAMA Cardiology

Highlights

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Cardiol. 2016;1(4):373. doi:10.1001/jamacardio.2015.0020
Original Investigation

Risk of Malignant Cancer Among Women With New-Onset Atrial Fibrillation

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Cardiol. 2016;1(4):389-396. doi:10.1001/jamacardio.2016.0280

This large, long-term prospective cohort study evaluates the associations between atrial fibrillation and cancer.

Diagnosis of Myocardial Infarction Using a High-Sensitivity Troponin I 1-Hour Algorithm

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Cardiol. 2016;1(4):397-404. doi:10.1001/jamacardio.2016.0695

This diagnostic-test study evaluates a 1-hour diagnostic algorithm for diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction in patients presenting to the emergency department with acute chest pain.

Evaluation of High-Sensitivity Cardiac Troponin I Levels in Patients With Suspected Acute Coronary Syndrome

Abstract Full Text
open access has audio
JAMA Cardiol. 2016;1(4):405-412. doi:10.1001/jamacardio.2016.1309

This diagnostic-test study examines the performance of high-sensitivity troponin I concentrations measured during evaluation of patients with suspected myocardial infarction at emergency department presentation in a pooled analysis of 5 international cohort studies.

Effect of Targeting Inflammation With Salsalate: The TINSAL-CVD Randomized Clinical Trial on Progression of Coronary Plaque in Overweight and Obese Patients Using Statins

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Cardiol. 2016;1(4):413-423. doi:10.1001/jamacardio.2016.0605

This randomized clinical trial determines whether targeting inflammation using salsalate compared with placebo reduces progression of noncalcified coronary artery plaque in overweight and obese statin-using patients with established, stable coronary heart disease.

Long-term Tolerability of Ticagrelor for the Secondary Prevention of Major Adverse Cardiovascular Events: A Secondary Analysis of the PEGASUS-TIMI 54 Trial

Abstract Full Text
free access has audio
JAMA Cardiol. 2016;1(4):425-432. doi:10.1001/jamacardio.2016.1017

This study used data from the PEGASUS-TIMI 54 trial to investigate the reasons and timing of the discontinuation of ticagrelor among stable patients with a history of myocardial infarction.

Racial Differences in Atrial Fibrillation-Related Cardiovascular Disease and Mortality: The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Cardiol. 2016;1(4):433-441. doi:10.1001/jamacardio.2016.1025

This observational cohort study evaluates the race-specific associations of atrial fibrillation with stroke, heart failure, coronary heart disease, and all-cause mortality in a community-based cohort.

Genetic Investigation Into the Differential Risk of Atrial Fibrillation Among Black and White Individuals

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Cardiol. 2016;1(4):442-450. doi:10.1001/jamacardio.2016.1185

This study uses data on single-nucleotide polymorphisms from cohort studies to look for genetically based racial differences in the risk for atrial fibrillation.

Efficacy and Safety of Apixaban Compared With Warfarin in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation in Relation to Renal Function Over Time: Insights From the ARISTOTLE Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Cardiol. 2016;1(4):451-460. doi:10.1001/jamacardio.2016.1170

This study evaluates changes in renal function over time in patients with atrial fibrillation randomized to apixaban vs warfarin treatment in the ARISTOTLE randomized clinical trial.

Association of Elevated Plasma Endothelin-1 Levels With Pulmonary Hypertension, Mortality, and Heart Failure in African American Individuals: The Jackson Heart Study

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Cardiol. 2016;1(4):461-469. doi:10.1001/jamacardio.2016.0962

This cohort study uses Jackson Heart Study data to investigate the association between plasma endothelin-1 levels and pulmonary hypertension and heart failure.

Brief Report

Patients and Physicians Beliefs and Practices Regarding Adherence to Cardiovascular Medication

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Cardiol. 2016;1(4):470-473. doi:10.1001/jamacardio.2016.0634

This survey-based study analyzes patients’ and physicians’ beliefs and practices regarding discussions of adherence to cardioprotective medications.

Effects of Antiretroviral Therapy on Immune Function and Arterial Inflammation in Treatment-Naive Patients With Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Cardiol. 2016;1(4):474-480. doi:10.1001/jamacardio.2016.0846

This study examines the effects of antiretroviral therapy (ART) on immune function and arterial inflammation in ART-naive patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection.

Research Letter

Ischemic Predictors of Outcomes in Women With Signs and Symptoms of Ischemia and Nonobstructive Coronary Artery Disease

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Cardiol. 2016;1(4):491-492. doi:10.1001/jamacardio.2016.0740

This study evaluates ischemia and prior infarct as predictors of outcomes of women with signs and symptoms of ischemia and nonobstructive coronary artery disease.

Risk of Premature Cardiovascular Disease vs the Number of Premature Cardiovascular Events

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Cardiol. 2016;1(4):492-494. doi:10.1001/jamacardio.2016.0991

This study estimates the expected number of new-onset cardiovascular events per decade across the age spectrum beginning at age 45 years.

Association of Abnormal Postoperative Left Ventricular Global Longitudinal Strain With Outcomes in Severe Aortic Stenosis Following Aortic Valve Replacement

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Cardiol. 2016;1(4):494-496. doi:10.1001/jamacardio.2016.1132

This study examines the effect of aortic valve replacement on postoperative left ventricular global longitudinal strain in patients with severe aortic stenosis and preserved left ventricular ejection fraction.

Viewpoint

Renal Function in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation Receiving Anticoagulants: The Canaries in the Coal Mine

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Cardiol. 2016;1(4):375-376. doi:10.1001/jamacardio.2016.1258

This Viewpoint discusses the challenges of using direct oral anticoagulants in patients with atrial fibrillation and chronic kidney disease.

From the Heart

Saving Lives One at a Time

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Cardiol. 2016;1(4):387-388. doi:10.1001/jamacardio.2016.1113
Editorial

The “Double” Paradox of Atrial Fibrillation in Black Individuals

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Cardiol. 2016;1(4):377-379. doi:10.1001/jamacardio.2016.1259

Evidence-Based Algorithms Using High-Sensitivity Cardiac Troponin in the Emergency Department

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Cardiol. 2016;1(4):379-381. doi:10.1001/jamacardio.2016.1205

Understanding the Adverse Effects of Ticagrelor in Practice

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Cardiol. 2016;1(4):381-383. doi:10.1001/jamacardio.2016.1018

Association of Atrial Fibrillation and Cancer

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Cardiol. 2016;1(4):384-386. doi:10.1001/jamacardio.2016.0582
Invited Commentary

Informative Neutral Studies Matter—Why the Targeting Inflammation With Salsalate in Cardiovascular Disease (TINSAL-CVD) Trial Deserves Our Attention

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Cardiol. 2016;1(4):423-424. doi:10.1001/jamacardio.2016.0604

Inflammation and Arterial Injury in Individuals With Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Cardiol. 2016;1(4):481-482. doi:10.1001/jamacardio.2016.1169
JAMA Cardiology Clinical Challenge

Abnormal Neck Veins

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Cardiol. 2016;1(4):487-488. doi:10.1001/jamacardio.2016.0540

A woman in her 50s was admitted after several months of progressive dyspnea on exertion and severe lower extremity edema. She had undergone aortic valve replacement for aortic stenosis, 2-vessel coronary artery bypass, and permanent pacemaker placement 1 year before presentation. What is your diagnosis?

JAMA Cardiology Clinical Guidelines Synopsis

Acute Treatment of Patients With Supraventricular Tachycardia

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Cardiol. 2016;1(4):483-485. doi:10.1001/jamacardio.2016.1483

This Clinical Guideline summarizes the 2015 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association/Heart Rhythm Society Guideline for the Management of Adult Patients With Supraventricular Tachycardia.

JAMA Cardiology Masthead

JAMA Cardiology

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Cardiol. 2016;1(4):374. doi:10.1001/jamacardio.2015.0021
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