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June 2021 - April 2016

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Issue

June 2020, Vol 5, No. 6, Pages 621-732

Original Investigation

Long-term Outcomes in Patients With Severely Reduced Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction Undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Intervention vs Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Cardiol. 2020;5(6):631-641. doi:10.1001/jamacardio.2020.0239

This cohort study compares long-term outcomes in patients undergoing revascularization by percutaneous coronary intervention vs coronary artery bypass grafting.

Periprocedural Risk and Survival Associated With Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator Placement in Older Patients With Advanced Heart Failure

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Cardiol. 2020;5(6):643-651. doi:10.1001/jamacardio.2020.0391

This cohort study using data from Medicare fee-for-service beneficiaries enrolled in the National Cardiovascular Data Registry Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator (ICD) Registry assesses utilization rates, patient characteristics, and outcomes of ICD and cardiac resynchronization therapy-defibrillator placement in patients with advanced or nonadvanced heart failure.

Strategies of Wait-listing for Heart Transplant vs Durable Mechanical Circulatory Support Alone for Patients With Advanced Heart Failure

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Cardiol. 2020;5(6):652-659. doi:10.1001/jamacardio.2020.0631

This national registry-based cohort study assesses whether left ventricular assist device destination therapy is associated with survival benefit comparable to wait-listing for heart transplant with or without left ventricular assist device therapy for bridge to transplant indication among patients with advanced heart failure.

Transplant Center Variability in Organ Offer Acceptance and Mortality Among US Patients on the Heart Transplant Waitlist

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Cardiol. 2020;5(6):660-668. doi:10.1001/jamacardio.2020.0659

This cohort study examines mortality among US patients on the heart transplant waitlist among transplant centers with varying allograft acceptance rates.

Omission of Heart Transplant Recipients From the Appropriate Use Criteria for Revascularization and the Ramifications on Heart Transplant Centers

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Cardiol. 2020;5(6):669-676. doi:10.1001/jamacardio.2020.0586

This study assesses the rate of rarely appropriate percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) procedures in heart transplant recipients and its association with hospital PCI appropriateness metrics and pay-for-performance scorecards.

Association of Rare PTGIS Variants With Susceptibility and Pulmonary Vascular Response in Patients With Idiopathic Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension

Abstract Full Text
open access has active quiz
JAMA Cardiol. 2020;5(6):677-684. doi:10.1001/jamacardio.2020.0479

This genetic association study assesses novel susceptibility genes other than BMPR2 in patients with idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension.

Off-label Use of Direct Oral Anticoagulants Compared With Warfarin for Left Ventricular Thrombi

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Cardiol. 2020;5(6):685-692. doi:10.1001/jamacardio.2020.0652

This cohort study compares the outcomes associated with direct oral anticoagulant use and warfarin use for the treatment of left ventricular thrombi.

Association of FADS1/2 Locus Variants and Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids With Aortic Stenosis

Abstract Full Text
open access
JAMA Cardiol. 2020;5(6):694-702. doi:10.1001/jamacardio.2020.0246

This genome-wide association study identifies genetic loci and pathways associated with aortic stenosis.

Brief Report

Use of Temporary Mechanical Circulatory Support for Management of Cardiogenic Shock Before and After the United Network for Organ Sharing Donor Heart Allocation System Changes

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Cardiol. 2020;5(6):703-708. doi:10.1001/jamacardio.2020.0692

This cohort study examines the association of revisions to the United Network for Organ Sharing donor heart allocation system with use of temporary mechanical circulatory support and whether temporary mechanical circulatory support use differed between US transplant centers and US nontransplant centers and Canadian centers.

An Exploratory Analysis of Proprotein Convertase Subtilisin/Kexin Type 9 Inhibition and Aortic Stenosis in the FOURIER Trial

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Cardiol. 2020;5(6):709-713. doi:10.1001/jamacardio.2020.0728

This exploratory analysis of a randomized clinical trial aims to determine whether evolocumab reduces the risk of aortic stenosis events in patients with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease.

Research Letter

Trends in Mechanical Support Use as a Bridge to Adult Heart Transplant Under New Allocation Rules

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Cardiol. 2020;5(6):728-729. doi:10.1001/jamacardio.2020.0667

This study investigates trends in mechanical support use after implementation of the Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network’s new heart transplant allocation rules.

Access to Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement Under New Medicare Surgical Volume Requirements

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Cardiol. 2020;5(6):729-732. doi:10.1001/jamacardio.2020.0443

This cohort study examines the frequency and characteristics of non–transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) hospitals that do or do not meet new surgical volume requirements compared with TAVR hospitals.

Viewpoint

The Conundrum and Opportunity of Gender Equity for Evidence Generators

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Cardiol. 2020;5(6):623-624. doi:10.1001/jamacardio.2020.0594

This Viewpoint discusses why and how women should have a larger leadership roles across all areas of medicine, including industry.

Editorial

Anticipating a New Era in Heart Transplantation

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Cardiol. 2020;5(6):625-627. doi:10.1001/jamacardio.2020.0611

Preventing Aortic Stenosis by Changing the Way We Think About an Old Disease

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Cardiol. 2020;5(6):627-629. doi:10.1001/jamacardio.2020.0722

JAMA Cardiology—The Year in Review, 2019

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Cardiol. 2020;5(6):629-630. doi:10.1001/jamacardio.2020.0403
Invited Commentary

Percutaneous Coronary Intervention or Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting to Treat Ischemic Cardiomyopathy?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Cardiol. 2020;5(6):641-642. doi:10.1001/jamacardio.2020.0597
Review

Enrollment of Older Patients, Women, and Racial/Ethnic Minority Groups in Contemporary Acute Coronary Syndrome Clinical Trials: A Systematic Review

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Cardiol. 2020;5(6):714-722. doi:10.1001/jamacardio.2020.0359

This systematic review characterizes the representation of older patients, women, and racial and ethnic minority groups in contemporary acute coronary syndrome randomized trials.

JAMA Cardiology Clinical Challenge

A 32-Year-Old Man With Chronic Left Ventricular Dysfunction

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz has multimedia
JAMA Cardiol. 2020;5(6):726-727. doi:10.1001/jamacardio.2020.0295

This 32-year-old man presented with a long-standing diagnosis of dilated cardiomyopathy and worsening chest pain and dyspnea. What would you do next?

Cardiovascular Images

A Man in His 80s With Abnormal Arterial Line Pulse Waveforms

Abstract Full Text
has multimedia
JAMA Cardiol. 2020;5(6):723-724. doi:10.1001/jamacardio.2019.4769

This case report describes a double systolic peak followed by a dicrotic notch and single diastolic waveform consistent with pulsus bisferiens.

A Man in His 80s With Dyspnea and a Malpositioned Pacemaker Lead

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Cardiol. 2020;5(6):725. doi:10.1001/jamacardio.2020.0647

This case report describes a lead entering the left atrium via the right upper pulmonary vein through a large sinus venosus atrial septal defect with a dilated right heart and substantial left-to-right shunt.

Editor's Note

High Rates of Off-label Prescribing and the Urgent Need for a Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Cardiol. 2020;5(6):692-693. doi:10.1001/jamacardio.2020.0612
Correction

Errors in Table 2

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Cardiol. 2020;5(6):732. doi:10.1001/jamacardio.2020.1655

Errors in Text and Figure Caption

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Cardiol. 2020;5(6):732. doi:10.1001/jamacardio.2020.2054
Peer Reviewers List

JAMA Cardiology Peer Reviewers in 2019

Abstract Full Text
free access online only
JAMA Cardiol. 2020;5(6):e200164. doi:10.1001/jamacardio.2020.0164
JAMA Cardiology Masthead

JAMA Cardiology

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Cardiol. 2020;5(6):621. doi:10.1001/jamacardio.2019.3460
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