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Notable Notes
August 2015

Moritz Kaposi: A Notable Name in Dermatology

Author Affiliations
  • 1Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts
  • 2Department of Dermatology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts
JAMA Dermatol. 2015;151(8):867. doi:10.1001/jamadermatol.2015.1075

Moritz Kaposi (1837-1902) is famously known for the angiosarcoma that bears his name, Kaposi’s sarcoma (KS), which he described in 1872 in a German article titled “Idiopathic Multiple Pigmented Sarcoma of the Skin”1,2 (Figure). At that time, the condition was most commonly seen in older men of Mediterranean or Jewish extraction; over a century later, in 1981, this demographic changed as the association between human immunodeficiency virus and KS was discovered.1-3 Kaposi was also the first to describe eczema herpeticum (eponymously, Kaposi varicelliform eruption), lupus erythematosus, and xeroderma pigmentosum, among other dermatoses.2

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