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Research Letter
February 2018

Improving Hairdressers’ Knowledge and Self-efficacy to Detect Scalp and Neck Melanoma by Use of an Educational Video

Author Affiliations
  • 1University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora
  • 2Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles
JAMA Dermatol. 2018;154(2):214-216. doi:10.1001/jamadermatol.2017.4267

Half of melanomas go undetected by self-inspection, and those undetected occur frequently on the scalp and neck (S-N).1 We have previously provided a rationale for the role of hairdressers, a group that makes daily observations of the scalp and neck, in the detection of S-N melanomas in the general population.2 Furthermore, in a previous study, we examined melanoma knowledge in 108 hairdressers from 45 hair salons.3 Results uncovered room for improvement in knowledge regarding signs and symptoms of melanoma, which are standardized in the ABCDE criteria (Asymmetry, irregular Borders, >1 Color, >6 mm in Diameter; Elevation) for atypical nevi and melanoma detection.4 Most hairdressers desired to learn more about melanoma detection, which is a finding replicated from a Texas sample.5 In the current study, we now address a major gap in previous research by developing and then testing the efficacy of a video intervention aimed at increasing hairdresser knowledge of melanoma and self-confidence in skin lesion detection.