Despite adequate or excess total caloric intake, protein-energy malnutrition and micronutrient deficiencies in minerals such as zinc and other essential vitamins can occur due to increased physiological demand and consumption of nutrient-poor foods.1-4 Dermatologic manifestations of these deficiencies, when presenting in the hospitalized adult patient of an industrialized, developed nation, may signify severe, combined malnutrition and may be associated with a poor outcomes.
Lee JJ, Mater S, Morillo-Hernandez C, et al. Clinical Outcomes of Hospitalized Adult Patients With Dermatologic Manifestations of Protein Malnutrition and Zinc Deficiency. JAMA Dermatol. Published online June 12, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamadermatol.2019.0854
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