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Research Letter
February 12, 2020

Gender Identity and Lifetime Prevalence of Skin Cancer in the United States

Author Affiliations
  • 1Department of Dermatology, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts
  • 2University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester
  • 3Department of Dermatology, VA Integrated Service Network (VISN- 1), Jamaica Plain, Massachusetts
JAMA Dermatol. Published online February 12, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamadermatol.2019.4197

Gender identity refers to one’s personal sense of gender and includes identifying as cisgender (ie, a gender identity that aligns with the sex assigned at birth), transgender (ie, a gender identity that does not align with the sex assigned at birth), and gender nonconforming (GNC) (ie, a gender identity that does not follow others’ ideas about how a person should look or act based on the sex assigned at birth). There has been increasing national focus on examining cancer risks of transgender and gender-nonconforming (TGNC) patients1 and, although prior research has examined skin cancer prevalence among sexual minority populations,2 this study is the first, to our knowledge, to evaluate skin cancer history by gender identity.

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