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June 1, 2008

Necrotic Erythema Nodosum Leprosum as the First Manifestation of Borderline Lepromatous Leprosy

Arch Dermatol. 2008;144(6):818-820. doi:10.1001/archderm.144.6.818

Erythema nodosum leprosum (ENL) is an immune complex–mediated reaction that may complicate the course of multibacillary leprosy. It generally occurs during antimycobacterial treatment and presents with multiple erythematous tender nodules, which add to preexisting leprosy lesions.1

A 28-year-old Brazilian transsexual presented with fever, ankle and knee arthralgias, and painful skin lesions on the limbs of 10 days' duration. He had 2 similar episodes 9 and 2 months before, diagnosed as erythema multiforme and treated with low-dose oral steroids with apparent benefit. Furthermore, he was being treated with ethinylestradiol, 50 μg/d, started 1 year before for feminization.

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