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January 2001

Is Kinky-Hair Disease a Misnomer for Menkes Syndrome?

Arch Dermatol. 2001;137(1):92-93. doi:

Although we had the satisfaction of correctly diagnosing "Fragile Hairand Seizures in a Child" in your March issue,1and were interested to read about it, we would like to add a little furtherinformation about the hair microscopy findings in Menkes syndrome. In hisoriginal article in 1962, John Menkes2 describeda sex-linked recessive disorder with retardation of growth, peculiar hair,and focal cerebral and cerebellar degeneration in 5 children. In only 2 ofthe children was the hair kinky, although in all of them it was sparse andwiry.