The apparent rarity of parotitis as a symptom of syphilis is not the sole reason for a discussion of the subject ; far more important is the fact that this condition is frequently confused with tumors in the region of the parotid. Since treatment for tumors of the parotid is largely surgical, a correct diagnosis will obviously eliminate unnecessary operative intervention. Needless surgical intervention has, as a matter of fact, been resorted to in numerous cases, as a perusal of the literature will demonstrate.
It seems unaccountable that syphilis of the parotid gland is scarcely referred to in many American textbooks dealing with syphilis. While comparatively rare, it is observed from time to time. It would appear to be less frequent at present than in former days, if one may judge from the evidence in the older literature. According to Kemp and Moore,1 less than 0.07 per cent of
CHARGIN L, ROSENTHAL T. SYPHILITIC PAROTITIS. Arch Derm Syphilol. 1931;24(2):236–246. doi:10.1001/archderm.1931.01450010243007
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