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Article
February 1938

SYPHILIZATION: AN EPISODE IN THE EVOLUTION OF SYPHILOLOGY

Arch Derm Syphilol. 1938;37(2):272-278. doi:10.1001/archderm.1938.01480080105012
Abstract

Before 1843 Ricord had demonstrated by a long series of inoculation experiments that gonorrhea is a disease distinct from the venereal ulcer, thus producing the first rift in the fog of confusion created by Hunter over a half-century earlier. In a more limited sense, however, Ricord and his school were still unicists; they believed that all venereal ulcers were primary lesions of syphilis. In that day chancroid was much more common than it is today and apparently more common than the indurated sore. It was thought that if the soft venereal ulcer were neglected and if the patient were in a certain bodily condition "constitutional syphilis" might develop. The hard chancre was a little understood, rather puzzling phenomenon, considered merely an indication of a transitional stage in the development of the disease. Some called it the "pseudochancre." Ricord recognized that there was a difference between the soft venereal ulcer were

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