For many years xanthelasma has been observed among the inmates of the United States Marine Hospital (National Leprosarium) at Carville, La., but the frequency of its occurrence was not disclosed until a survey was made in the early part of 1937. In this survey xanthelasma was found in 27 of 243 lepers examined. For comparison, the orbital regions of 235 tuberculous patients in the wards of the Charity Hospital in New Orleans were examined by Dr. J. B. Colligan. In this group 144 patients were over 30 years of age and 77 were over 40. Xanthelasma was not found in any of the 235 tuberculous patients. Dr. Alfred Gage made a similar examination of 200 patients at the clinic of Tulane University of Louisiana, including all applicants for admission. In this group 37 patients were over 30 years of age, and 48 were over 40. Xanthelasma was found in 2
HOPKINS R, BLACK SH, ROSS H. XANTHELASMA AND LEPROSY. Arch Derm Syphilol. 1939;39(2):239–252. doi:10.1001/archderm.1939.01480200046006
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