Erysipeloid is an acute infectious disease caused by an actinomyces organism, Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae. It is usually localized in the skin but may present the picture of a severe systemic disease with manifold constitutional symptoms. The organism is saprophytic on fish slime and putrefying material and produces a disease in hogs called swine erysipelas. It is our purpose in presenting this paper to call attention to a disease which is probably more frequent than is generally recognized and to report an example which we believe is somewhat unusual but nevertheless characteristic of one of the clinical types of erysipeloid.
The original description of the disease is ascribed to Fox,1 who in 1873 reported on a cutaneous disease in a man who tried on boots made of sheep skin. The infection began on a finger and spread to the remainder of the hand, which became swollen and red but did not
GRINNAN RB, MARTIN WB. ERYSIPELOID: REPORT OF A CASE. Arch Derm Syphilol. 1940;41(6):1037–1043. doi:https://doi.org/10.1001/archderm.1940.01490120039005
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