Congenital and acquired multiple tumors of the scalp are infrequently reported in the literature. They have been described by different authors under many titles, such as turban tumor, naevo-epithelioma adenoides, cylindroma, multiple benign epithelioma, fibroma multiplex, sarcoma capitis, endothelioma capitis and sweat gland carcinoma. The diversity of names resulted from the variation of histologic observations and interpretations made by past investigators.
In 1841 Ancell1 described a case of tumors of the scalp. Baker, Kaposi and Orro,2 as well as Poncet3 and Cohn,4 considered the condition some form of sarcoma. Spiegler5 concluded that the growths in the cases of Ancell, Kaposi, Poncet and Cohn were endotheliomas, not sarcomas. An example of endothelioma of the scalp had been presented by Mulert6 two years previously. The differentiating feature observed in the descriptions of Baker, Kaposi and Orro was a history of trauma preceding the development of the
SACHS W, SACHS PM. TURBAN TUMORS: REPORT OF A CASE WITH UNUSUAL PATHOLOGIC FINDINGS, INCLUDING BOTH EPIDERMAL AND DERMAL NEVI. Arch Derm Syphilol. 1940;42(1):15–22. doi:10.1001/archderm.1940.01490130019003
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