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Article
January 1943

DERMATITIS VENENATA CAUSED BY THE MANZANILLO TREE

Author Affiliations

MEDICAL CORPS, UNITED STATES ARMY

From the Medical Service, Department of Dermatology and Syphilology, 210th General Hospital.

Arch Derm Syphilol. 1943;47(1):36-39. doi:10.1001/archderm.1943.01500190039004
Abstract

Hippomane mancinella L., family Euphorbiaceae, is a poisonous tree which is found on both sides of the isthmus and commonly along the seashores throughout Panama and the Canal Zone. It often forms dense thickets along the beaches and is easy to recognize. The common name is the manzanillo tree; the names beach apple and shore apple are more recent ones.

It is a large branching tree characterized by a smooth gray bark, which may also have a pale brown hue, and by dense foliage. The fruit is bright red and more than an inch (2.5 cm.) in diameter and resembles a green apple in shape. The leaves are alternate, long petioled, broadly ovate, finely serrate and dark green and are similar in shape to those of a cherry tree. They are usually turned to the right at the tip. The flowers are green and are arranged in stiff spikes.

The

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