Neymann1 has pointed out that the priority for the use of malaria and relapsing fever in the treatment of dementia paralytica should belong to Rosenblium.2 In 1876 Rosenblium purposely infected psychotic and demented patients with relapsing fever, and in the same year he also published his observations that malaria frequently produces remissions in mental diseases. Yet a search of the American medical literature fails to disclose any data on the life of Rosenblium, nor could I find an English translation of his original article on fever therapy.3 This prompted me to search out the facts of his life and to translate his contribution to fever therapy from Russian into English.
Alexander Samoilovich Rosenblium was born in Odessa, Russia, on July 1, 1826. His father was a doctor of medicine, and his grandfather, Isaac Rosenblium, was also a physician, who had been invited to settle in Russia
ZAKON SJ, NEYMANN CA. ALEXANDER SAMOILOVICH ROSENBLIUM: HIS CONTRIBUTION TO FEVER THERAPY. Arch Derm Syphilol. 1943;48(1):52–59. doi:10.1001/archderm.1943.01510010056009
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