Through the foresight and vision of Major General David N. W. Grant, the Air Surgeon, and of Colonel William P. Holbrook, Chief, Professional Division, Office of the Air Surgeon, a dermatology and syphilology branch was established in the Office of the Air Surgeon, Headquarters, Army Air Forces, in August 1944. It was recognized that diseases of the skin represent an important problem in medical care, as indicated by the case load, both in outpatient dispensary care and in Army hospitals, causing disability and time lost from duty. It was further recognized that as American armed forces began operating in increasing numbers in overseas theaters, particularly in the areas of the Pacific and the Orient, cutaneous diseases would become increasingly prevalent and of increasing importance, both from medical and from military standpoints.
Examination of available data revealed that for the entire Army in the continental United States
SCHOLTZ JR. ARMY AIR FORCES DERMATOLOGY PROGRAM. Arch Derm Syphilol. 1945;52(1):6–8. doi:10.1001/archderm.1945.01510250011002
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