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Article
February 1948

LUPUS ERYTHEMATOSUS PROFUNDUS (KAPOSI-IRGANG): Historical Review and Report of a Case

Author Affiliations

HONOLULU, TERRITORY OF HAWAII

Arch Derm Syphilol. 1948;57(2):196-203. doi:10.1001/archderm.1948.01520140058007
Abstract

THE BASIC division of lupus erythematosus into the unspecified (or discoid) and disseminated forms, as followed in most textbooks and in the "Standard Nomenclature of Disease and Operations," does not take into account the subcutaneous nodular form which the lesions of this disease may rarely assume.

HISTORICAL BACKGROUND  No mention of this variant of lupus erythematosus is made by Morrow (1894),1 Shoemaker (1900),2 Hyde and Montgomery (1904),3 Stelwagon (1910),4 Hartzell (1917),5 Andrews (1938)6 or Sutton and Sutton (1939).7 Andrews (1938)6 did mention sarcoid of Boeck as one of the diseases from which acute disseminated lupus erythematosus might have to be distinguished, but it seems clear that this was not an allusion to a subcutaneous or nodular form of lupus erythematosus. Andrews, in the third edition of his text (1946),8 referred under the name "lupus erythematosus profundus" to that form of the

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