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October 1950

DISSEMINATED CUTANEOUS HERPES SIMPLEX (KAPOSI'S VARICELLIFORM ERUPTION): Report of a Case Complicated by Pregnancy and Herpetic Keratitis and Review of the Literature of Congenital Malformations Due to Dermatotropic Virus Infections in the Pregnant Mother

Author Affiliations


AMA Arch Derm Syphilol. 1950;62(4):477-490. doi:10.1001/archderm.1950.01530170003001

IN 1887 Kaposi1 described a varicella-like eruption for which the name "eczema herpetiformis'' seemed most appropriate to him. However, the name "eczema herpetiformis'' has not been generally accepted, and, instead, the dermatosis has been commonly recognized under the name "Kaposi's varicelliform eruption." In 1947 Sulzberger and Baer2 suggested the name "disseminated cutaneous herpes simplex,'' and we believe that this is still the most satisfactory name for the disease.


This dermatosis is an acute eruptive febrile condition which is seen most frequently as a complication of atopic dermatitis and which can complicate other primary skin diseases. It is characterized by the sudden development of lentil-sized vesicles, many of which quickly become umbilicated. They are grouped and appear in crops over a period of three or four days to a week. The affected areas become intensely swollen, edematous and at times very painful. While the