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May 1955

Cutaneous Manifestations of Myelogenous Leukemia

Author Affiliations

New York

From Lenox Hill Hospital.

AMA Arch Derm. 1955;71(5):605-614. doi:10.1001/archderm.1955.01540290045009

In 1845 Virchow was the first to describe under the term "Weisses Blut or Leukaemie" a syndrome characterized by splenomegaly and a considerable increase in the white blood corpuscles.* In 1891 Ehrlich was able to separate the myeloid proliferations from the lymphatic ones and gave a hematological basis to this differentiation.† The first cutaneous manifestation of leukemia was recorded by Biesiadecki in 1876‡ Later in 1902, Audry suggested the term "leucémides" to describe the nonspecific cutaneous manifestations of leukemia.3

Leukemia cutis of the lymphogenous variety being much more frequent than the myelogenous one, it is not surprising to note that all of the first case reports were those of lymphogenous leukemia. The first cases of myelogenous cutaneous leukemia were reported by Hindenberg4 and Hirschlaff § in 1895, and in 1899 by Nekam.6


The cutaneous manifestations of myelogenous leukemia can

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