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September 1956

Seabather's Eruption

AMA Arch Derm. 1956;74(3):293-295. doi:10.1001/archderm.1956.01550090067013

Several reports of seabather's eruption have appeared since Sams'1 original description of this entity, but the etiology has not been definitely determined. Marine schistosome organisms have been reported to be the etiological agents.* A direct causal relationship has not been established beyond a doubt by recovery of the organisms coincidentally with the occurrence of clinical cases. During April and May, 1954, approximately 75 persons were seen with seabather's eruption following exposure in the area of Guantanamo Bay on the south-eastern shore of Cuba. The occurrence of seabather's eruption in this area has previously been described.†

Clinical Studies

Almost all of the cases observed followed bathing in the ocean at various local beaches on April 25, 1954. Sporadic new cases were seen for the next three weeks. All age groups were involved. Only a small number of persons reported the occurrence of itching while in

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