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March 1957

Kaposi's Varicelliform Eruption

Author Affiliations

London, Ont. Canada; Toronto

AMA Arch Derm. 1957;75(3):361-367. doi:10.1001/archderm.1957.01550150045004

In the present communication, two cases of Kaposi's varicelliform eruption occurring in adults will be described. The first ended fatally, and specialized animal laboratory studies or autopsy findings were nonobtainable. From the second case a viral agent from the cutaneous lesions was isolated. Detailed comparative studies of the isolated virus with that of vaccinia are recorded.

A review of the literature reveals a diversity of opinion as to the etiological agent in Kaposi's varicelliform eruption. The available evidence indicates that the condition may be provoked by at least two viruses, either vaccinia or herpes simplex, the latter bring most frequently encountered. It has also been suggested by some workers that other viruses may be responsible for a clinically similar condition,1-4 but proof of this is still lacking.

That the condition may be caused by the virus of herpes simplex has been conclusively demonstrated by a

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