Although for 50 years, since men began to use x-rays in the diagnosis and treatment of disease, the medical profession has been concerned with the safety of the patient in radiation procedures, it was not until recently that the extent of the radiation hazard became apparent to us all— physician, atomic scientist, and the public alike. This was in part due to a previous lack of accurate mensurating devices and a lack of basic standards. But, strangely enough, it was the alarm produced among the geneticists by the explosion of the thermonuclear bomb that drew attention to the radiation exposures which have long occurred in the practice of medicine.
In 1956, two groups of radiation specialists, atomic scientists and geneticists, assessed the radiation dangers to the general public, particularly from the explosion and manufacture of the atomic and hydrogen bombs. The reports of these men
ALDEN HS, WEENS HS, YOUMANS HD. Observations on Radiation Exposure in Dermatologic X-Ray Therapy. AMA Arch Derm. 1959;79(2):159–171. doi:https://doi.org/10.1001/archderm.1959.01560140021004
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