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July 1961

Rhinoscleroma: Review and Presentation of a Case

Arch Dermatol. 1961;84(1):55-62. doi:10.1001/archderm.1961.01580130061009

Very few physicians in the United States have ever seen a case of rhinoscleroma. Many probably do not consider the disease in a differential diagnosis of nasal disorders. The disease is of sufficient importance to justify more extensive examination of immigrants from endemic areas.

The purpose of this paper is to analyze the 23 cases of rhinoscleroma we have had at the Vargas Hospital during the years 1946-1960. We also present a typical case and discuss the histopathology and therapy.

There have been very few recent reports on rhinoscleroma in the dermatologic literature.1-5 Several case reports have been recently published in the otolaryngologic and medical journals.6-13,15

This disease was first described by 2 dermatologists, von Hebra and Kaposi in 1870. The affliction is an infectious disease of the respiratory tract with formation of granulomatous tissue of characteristic pathological structure, occurring in the nose and upper lip, and may