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Article
January 1962

Local Freezing of the Skin by Carbon Dioxide Snow

Arch Dermatol. 1962;85(1):164. doi:10.1001/archderm.1962.01590010170031

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Abstract

This is a scholarly monograph on the freezing of the skin by the use of carbon dioxide stick. In the first 3 chapters (28 pp.) the author reviews the literature on cryotherapy of the skin together with the theories on the mechanism of action in freezing. The rest of the monograph is devoted to the author's investigation primarily with the skin of the pig. The apparatus which was used in this study included needle thermocouples connected to a sensitive recording device. With these needles inserted into the skin at various depths the author was able to evaluate the different factors which affect the freezing of the skin, particularly the effects of blood flow, duration of freezing, type of tissue, and pressure. The bibliography is selective but adequate. With the exception of a few minor misprints the text is clear and easy to read. This monograph is recommended for those interested

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