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March 1962

Medical Research in Africa: Geographic Pathology, Kaposi's Sarcoma, and Cutaneous Physiology of Pachyderms

Author Affiliations


From the Argonne Cancer Research Hospital (operated by the University of Chicago for the United States Atomic Energy Commission) and the Department of Medicine (Dermatology), The University of Chicago.

Arch Dermatol. 1962;85(3):311-324. doi:10.1001/archderm.1962.01590030009003

The International Union Against Cancer (Unio Internationalis Contra Cancrum) has a Committee on Geographic Pathology. Early in 1961, the Committee Chairman, Dr. Harold Stewart of the National Institutes of Health, recommended that I attend a meeting of its Subcommittee on Geographic Pathology in Africa and a symposium on Kaposi's sarcoma in Kampala, Uganda, East Africa, to be held in May, 1961. Kaposi's sarcoma was selected as the topic for this symposium because of its fantastically high incidence among the natives in some countries of Equatorial and South Africa. In the Congo, for instance, it has been calculated that Kaposi's sarcoma constitutes close to 10% of all malignancies. A comprehensive review on the incidence and geographic distribution of the disease in African countries was written in 1958 by Quenum and Camain of the Pasteur Institute of the Medical School in Dakar, Senegal.1

Study of the geographic distribution of diseases is