AT THE SECOND Conference on Undergraduate Teaching in Dermatology the evaluation session was devoted to a discussion of some of the more urgent considerations in test construction. Primary among these is the issue of "what a test measures."
Various studies, as well as common experience, indicate that some questions in a test can be answered on the basis of immediate recall of information. Other kinds of questions require the student to reason out the answer. It may, of course, be impossible for the student to answer questions of this latter type unless he can recall certain basic information assumed by the questions, but the significant distinction is that it is impossible for the student to answer the latter type of question exclusively on the basis of information recalled. He must be able to use the information in reasoning out the answer, thus going well beyond a process which relies on
McGUIRE CH. Techniques of Test Construction and Evaluation. Arch Dermatol. 1966;93(5):531–535. doi:10.1001/archderm.1966.01600230035010
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