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May 1968

Branchial Cleft Remnants Suggesting Tuberculous Lymphadenitis

Author Affiliations

Columbia, Mo

From the Department of Dermatology, University of Missouri School of Medicine, Columbia, Mo.

Arch Dermatol. 1968;97(5):536-539. doi:10.1001/archderm.1968.01610110044007

Branchial cleft remnants are seen clinically as cysts, sinus tracts, skin tags, or various combinations of these lesions. The case of a 26year-old girl of Mexican heritage was presented in which cervical epidermal cysts were noted in such number and location to suggest they represented remnants of the first branchial cleft.

Because she reported frequent upper respiratory infections, cervical lymphadenopathy, and prior treatment of what was thought to be scrofuloderma, it was necessary to exclude the diagnosis of tuberculosis of the cervical lymph nodes.

A friable syringocystadenoma papilliferum of the scalp further complicated the clinical evaluation in her case because the most common cause of masses in the neck, with the exception of benign thyroid enlargement, is metastatic cancer in the lymph nodes.