• A 54-year-old woman entered the hospital for induction chemotherapy for acute lymphocytic leukemia. On hospital day 23, while the patient was neutropenic, an erosive lesion appeared on the left side of the tongue. During the next several days the lesion extended over the dorsum of the tongue and was golden orange. Surface scrapings were obtained; the involved site underwent a biopsy and was cultured. Branching septate mycelia of varying diameters were seen on microscopic examination of direct mounts and a biopsy specimen of the tongue. Eight to ten colonies of a fungus grew out in culture. The fungus was golden orange on Sabouraud's glucose agar and brown-gray on corn-meal agar, and was identified as Ramichloridium schulzeri. The lesion regressed during the next two weeks while the patient received amphotericin B therapy and showed an increased granulocyte count. This case seems to be the first authenticated infection caused by this uncommonly encountered soil saprophyte.
(Arch Dermatol 1985;121:892-894)