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August 1988

Pretreatment With Long-Wave Ultraviolet Light Inhibits Ultraviolet-Induced Skin Tumor Development in Hairless Mice

Author Affiliations

From the Laboratory of Photobiology, Rigshospital, Copenhagen (Drs Bech-Thomsen, Wulf, and Lundgren), and the Department of Pathology, Sønderborg (Denmark) Sygehus (Dr Poulsen).

Arch Dermatol. 1988;124(8):1215-1218. doi:10.1001/archderm.1988.01670080027012

• The carcinogenic effects of long-wave ultraviolet radiation (UV-A) (320 to 400 nm) irradiation followed by exposure to broad-spectrum ultraviolet (UV) irradiation were studied in 200 lightly pigmented, hairless, hr/hr C3H/Tif mice. No skin tumors were observed in the group irradiated with UV-A for four weeks (total dose, 4050 kJ/m2, observed for 57 weeks). Ultraviolet exposure induced skin tumors in a dose-dependent manner. In a group exposed to UV irradiation for 13 weeks, 35% of the mice had developed tumors after 57 weeks. Twenty-six weeks of exposure resulted in 88% of the animals being affected. In contrast it was found that treatment with UV-A irradiation (four weeks, total dose up to 4200 kJ/m2) preceding exposure to UV irradiation (13 or 26 weeks) resulted in a significantly delayed tumor development. Exposure with UV-A induced no visible changes of the skin, and subsequent microscopic examination revealed no measurable changes in epidermal thickness or melanin content. Our results suggest that, depending on the exposure schedule, UV-A in addition to previously reported carcinogenic properties also may act as an antitumor agent.

(Arch Dermatol 1988;124:1215-1218)

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