• Primary cutaneous infection with Aspergillus species and Rhizopus species was observed in five patients between October 1986 and January 1988. All patients had an underlying hematological malignancy and were neutropenic. Four patients developed skin lesions with eschars at and around the site of intravenous catheter insertion. One patient had two lesions along the course of the intravenous line. The fifth patient developed the lesion on the left side of the lower part of the back subsequent to the appearance of a rash due to excessive perspiration. A diagnosis was made in each case by histopathological studies and cultures of skin biopsy specimens. The fungal organisms cultured were Aspergillus species in three patients and Rhizopus species in two patients. All patients were treated with amphotericin B. Three patients responded to antifungal therapy and local care without surgical débridement. Two patients died of disseminated fungal infection. The development of cutaneous lesions due to opportunistic fungal pathogens seemed to have been related to the moist and humid conditions created by occlusive dressings or excessive perspiration.
(Arch Dermatol. 1989;125:952-956)