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November 1989

Allergic Contact Dermatitis in Children and Young Adults

Author Affiliations

From the Department of Dermatology, Academisch Medisch Centrum University of Amsterdam (the Netherlands).

Arch Dermatol. 1989;125(11):1531-1533. doi:10.1001/archderm.1989.01670230073011

• We evaluated the results of a 5-year period of epicutaneous testing in children and teenagers younger than 16 years of age. In an overall-tested population of 2671 persons, 67 were younger than 16 years. In 16 (23.8%) of these 67 children, a positive epicutaneous test was considered to be clinically relevant for the diagnosis allergic contact dermatitis. From the total of 44 positive tests, the most common allergen was nickel sulfate (18%), followed by balsam of Peru, Carba mix, colophony, and fragrance mix (6% each). As our test population consisted of only a few children, no conclusions were drawn in respect to children younger than 10 years. Despite our careful selection of children with allergic contact dermatitis, the prevalence of positive epicutaneous tests was no different than that reported for unselected populations of children.

(Arch Dermatol. 1989;125:1531-1533)

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