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May 1991

Current Trends in Mortality Attributable to HIV Infection/AIDS—United States, 1981-1990

Arch Dermatol. 1991;127(5):621-622. doi:10.1001/archderm.1991.01680040025001

From 1981 through 1990, 100777 deaths among persons with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) were reported to CDC by local, state, and territorial health departments; almost one third (31196) of these deaths were reported during 1990.* During the 1980s, AIDS emerged as a leading cause of death among young adults in the United States. By 1988,** human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection/AIDS had become the third leading cause of death among men 25-44 years of age and, by 1989, was estimated to be second, surpassing heart disease, cancer, suicide, and homicide. In 1988, HIV infection/AIDS ranked eighth among causes of death among women 25-44 years of age; in 1991, based on current trends, HIV infection/AIDS is likely to rank among the five leading causes of death in this population.1

Most deaths from AIDS have occurred among homosexual/bisexual men (men who have had sex with other men) (59%) and among women and

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