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October 1991

The HIV/AIDS Epidemic: The First 10 Years

Arch Dermatol. 1991;127(10):1465. doi:10.1001/archderm.1991.01680090027001

On June 5, 1981, the first cases of an illness subsequently defined as acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) were reported by health-care providers in California and CDC.1 As of May 31, 1991, state and local health departments had reported to CDC 179136 AIDS cases among persons of all ages in the United States. By the end of 1991, AIDS will be the second leading cause of death among men 25-44 years of age and is likely to be one of the five leading causes of death among women aged 15-44 years in the United States.2

The World Health Organization estimates that 8-10 million adults and 1 million children worldwide are infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), the etiologic agent of AIDS. By the year 2000, 40 million persons may be infected with HIV.3 More than 90% of these persons will reside in developing countries in sub-Saharan Africa, South and Southeast

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